Whats The Difference Between Disability And Retirement
First up, lets talk about the difference between disability and retirement benefits. Both are administered by the Social Security Administration , and both are programs designed to provide financial assistance to Americans who can no longer work. Both programs also have specific requirements beneficiaries must meet in order to qualify for benefits.
What Is The Disability Standard For Disability Insurance And Supplemental Security
Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security are reserved for workers with the most severe disabilities and conditions, and both use the same strict disability standard: inability to engage in substantial gainful activitydefined as being able to earn $1,040 a month in 2013due to one or more severe physical or mental impairments that are expected to last at least a year or could result in death. A workers impairment or combination of impairments must be so severe that the applicant is not only unable to do his or her previous work but also unableconsidering his or her age, education, and work experienceto engage in any other kind of substantial gainful work that exists in significant numbers in the national economy.
Medical evidence is the cornerstone for the determination of disability in both programs. To qualify, there must be medical evidence from a doctor, specialist, or certain other licensed or certified medical sources that documents a severe impairment. Evidence from other health care providerssuch as nurse practitioners or clinical social workersis not sufficient to document a severe medical impairment. And statements from the applicants themselves, their families, co-workers, friends, or neighbors are not treated as medical evidence.
What Happens If The Dac Gets Married
If the child receives benefits as a DAC, the benefits generally end if they get married. However, some marriages are considered protected.
The rules vary depending on the situation. Contact a Social Security representative at 1-800-772-1213 to find out if the benefits can continue.
To speed up the application process, complete an Adult Disability Report and have it available at the time of your appointment.
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What We Mean By Disability
The definition of disability under Social Security is different than other programs. Social Security pays only for total disability. No benefits are payable for partial disability or for short-term disability.
We consider you to have a qualifying disability under Social Security rules if all the following are true:
- You cannot do work and engage in substantial gainful activity because of your medical condition.
- You cannot do work you did previously or adjust to other work because of your medical condition.
- Your condition has lasted or is expected to last for at least one year or to result in death.
This is a strict definition of disability. Social Security program rules assume that working families have access to other resources to provide support during periods of short-term disabilities, including workers’ compensation, insurance, savings, and investments.
How To Receive Federal Benefits
To begin receiving your federal benefits, like Social Security or veterans benefits, you must sign up for electronic payments with direct deposit.
If You Have a Bank or Credit Union Account:
- Call the Go Direct Helpline at .
If You Don’t have a Bank or Credit Union Account:
- Direct Express debit card – a pre-paid debit card. Get help by calling the Go Direct Helpline at .
Make Changes to an Existing Direct Deposit Account:
On Go Direct’s FAQ page, learn how to make changes to an existing direct deposit account. You also may contact the federal agency that pays your benefit for help with your enrollment.
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Retirement And Social Security Disability
Clients often ask whether they can receive social security disability benefits and retirement benefits. The quick answer is no. Once you reach full retirement age between ages 66 and 67, depending on the year you were born the Social Security Administration converts an individual SSDI benefits to regular retirement benefits. An exception applies for individuals who opt for early retirement, thought it comes with an important caveat, which well discuss below.
However, whether you can receive retirement and SSDI benefits depends on what you mean by retirement. For SSDI purposes, retirement means benefits paid through the SSA. Yet Social Security retirement benefits are not always the only benefit people receive when they retire. Pensions or 401 plans through an employer also pay benefits at retirement. While many people generically refer to each of these as retirement benefits, for purposes of receiving both SSDI and retirement benefits, they are very different.
The longer answer, then, is that you cannot receive SSDI and retirement benefits from the SSA. You may, however, be able to receive SSDI and benefits through a pension or 401.
Can I Waive My Retirement Pay Benefits
Veterans have the option to waive their disability compensation from VA. They can also opt out of the retirement pay issued by the Department of Defense . So, how do you decide which option to select?
Keep in mind that VA disability benefits are not taxed, so consider which option makes more sense for you. You can fill out VA Form 21-8951-2, the Notice of Waiver of VA Compensation or Pension to Receive Military Pay and Allowances, if you decide to waive your VA compensation and receive military pay instead.
In addition, your dependents will still enjoy DoD medical benefits, provided your disability rating is at least 30%.
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Can I Get Military Retirement Pay And Retirement Benefits
Military retirement pay after 20 years or more of service. The pay is based on your length of time in service and is calculated at 2.5% times your highest 36 months of basic pay. Military retirement benefits are taxable while VA disability benefits and VA pensions are not.
Veterans can receive military retirement pay and Social Security retirement benefits at the same time. Veterans can also be entitled to Concurrent Retirement and Disability Pay , which allows military retirees to receive both military retired pay and VA disability compensation.
How Have The Number And Share Of People Receiving Disability Benefits Changed Over Time And What Accounts For These Changes
There has been little change over the past two decades in the share of nonelderly adults receiving Supplemental Security due to a disability. In 2011, 2.4 percent of nonelderly adults received Supplemental Security for a disability, compared to 2.1 percent in 1996. This comparison does not, however, take into account demographic and economic changes, particularly the aging of the population and the increase in poverty, which both have increased the number of people who are potentially eligible for Supplemental Security.
Controlling just for income, participation in Supplemental Security by working-age adults who are potentially eligible because of low income has actually declined over the past decade and a half. In 2011 there were 17.6 nonelderly adults receiving Supplemental Security for every 100 nonelderly adults with incomes below 100 percent of the poverty line, compared to 18.5 nonelderly adults in 1996. In other words, the number of nonelderly adults receiving Supplemental Security grew at a slower rate than the number of nonelderly adults with very low incomes.
The share of nonelderly adults receiving Disability Insurance has increased over time. This is largely due to demographic factors, including:
A number of factors account for this one-percentage-point increase in the disability-prevalence rate after accounting for the changes in the age and gender distribution of the workforce, including the following:
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Will I Get A Disability Freeze If I Switch To Disability Benefits
During the months you were disabled but collecting retirement benefits, Social Security would apply the disability freeze, which means that your lack of income due to disability would not be counted when calculating your Social Security retirement payment from your earnings record. The freeze can help increase the benefit you’ll eventually receive at full retirement age.
Social Security will apply the freeze beginning at the start of your disability until the month before you reach full retirement age.
Can You Do Any Other Type Of Work
If you cant do the work you did in the past, we look to see if there is other work you could do despite your medical impairment.
We consider your medical conditions, age, education, past work experience, and any transferable skills you may have. If you cant do other work, well decide you qualify for disability benefits. If you can do other work, well decide that you dont have a qualifying disability and your claim will be denied.
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Why Doesnt Everyone Receive Full Dod Retirement And Va Disability Benefits
Legally, the maximum a veteran is allowed to receive is their full military retirement. Since money that comes from the VA is not taxable, however, the government decided that if a veteran qualifies for VA disability compensation, then it would be better for the veteran to receive the money from the VA than the DoD. Thus, any money received from the VA is subtracted from DoD money unless the veteran qualifies for CRDP or CRSC.
Calculating Your Benefit Amount
The formula for calculating your Social Security benefits and your disability benefits is exactly the same right up until the very end. Well get into how it diverges in the next section, but for now, well focus on the shared process.
The first step is calculating your average indexed monthly earnings . The Social Security Administration will take your 35 highest-earning years into consideration. For each of those years, it will index your income for inflation and include it up to the taxable maximum . For tax year 2021, this point is $142,800.
Next, the SSA will add up these totals and divide to get your AIME. If you have more than 35 earning years, your lowest years will be excluded. If you have less, the SSA will include a $0 in the calculation for every year youre short.
The last step is to calculate your primary insurance amount from your AIME. To calculate your PIA, the SSA will take a percentage of three different chunks of your AIME. The exact amount of these portions will differ slightly depending on the year you become disabled or turn 62. If you do either in 2021 the SSA will take 90% of your first $996, 32% of the amount between that and $6,002 and 15% of anything that remains. The total is your PIA.
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A 40% Va Disability Rating Gives You A Tax Break In Your Retirement Pay
If you have a VA rating of 40% and military retired, the VA applies your rating percentage against your retirement pay instead of issuing you a disability check. How this works is 40% of your retirement pay from the military is tax-free the rest of your military retirement pay is taxable.
Here is an example of the payment breakdown. You are receiving $2,000 a month in retirement pay. With a 40% VA disability rating, your disability compensation would be $641.28. However, instead of receiving an extra check each month in VA compensation, the $641.28 out of the $2,000 now becomes tax-free. The rest of the $1,358.72 would be taxable.
At the end of each month, you would receive a check for $2,000, but only pay taxes on $1,358.72.
Continuing Benefits & Deductions
If you’re currently a member of the CalPERS Health Program, you must meet specific requirements to continue your health insurance coverage into retirement, or maintain the right to re-enroll in the future after retirement.
To continue your CalPERS health benefit coverage after retirement, you must meet both of the criteria below:
- Be enrolled in a CalPERS health plan upon separation from employment, either in your own name or as a dependent
- Retire within 120 days of your separation from employment
If you don’t meet both requirements before you retire, you’ll lose all future rights to be in the CalPERS Health Program. If your family members are included in your CalPERS health plan at the time of your death, their enrollment will continue automatically if they’re eligible for and receive a monthly allowance.
Public Agency or School Members
If your employer doesn’t contract with CalPERS for health benefits, contact your employer to determine if your benefits will continue.
To continue dental coverage into retirement, you must:
- Be enrolled in a state-sponsored dental plan on the date of your separation from employment
- Retire within 120 days of your separation
If you’re enrolled in CalPERS Long-Term Care and have premiums deducted from your paycheck, you’ll need to call 982-1775 before you retire to find out how to continue your premium deductions.
Other Deduction Payments
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Why Cant I Receive Retirement And Ssdi At The Same Time
Whats important to note first is that Social Securitys definition of disability requires that an applicants medical condition prevents him or her from working at full capacity.
Essentially, for those of working age , a medical condition is considered a disability when it forces someone into an unwanted early retirement.
Thats where Social Security disability insurance comes in.
SSDI was originally created to provide disability benefits to those who become unable to work but have not yet reached retirement age. At first, the program was for workers aged 50-65, but the age range has since expanded.
If your disability prevents you from working, SSDI is supposed to hold you over until you reach the age where you can start receiving full retirement benefits.
So, how does this work? Lets discuss disability and early retirement to clarify how these Social Security benefits are paid out.
Should I File For Early Retirement Benefits
Some individuals may benefit from taking early retirement, especially if they are disabled. If you are severely impaired and believe that you will qualify for disability benefits, you may want to consider this route.
To start, you need to apply for Social Security disability benefits to protect your filing date and establish your disabling condition. Once you have done this, you can then apply for early retirement. The SSA will accept your early retirement, as long as you meet the credit requirements. Opting for an early retirement means that you will only receive 75 percent of your full retirement benefit amount. However, once your SSDI claim is approved, you will begin receiving the full amount of retirement, as well as back pay. In addition, you will be able to receive the full amount of retirement for the rest of your life.
There is a risk, however. If you collect early retirement but are not granted disability benefits, you may be stuck collecting less than your full retirement for the rest of your life.
In most cases, if you are already receiving SSDI, youre better off waiting to retire until after 65. However, for some individuals who are collecting workers compensation along with SSDI, early retirement benefits may be greater.
Before taking early retirement or applying for SSDI benefits, it is important to speak to an experienced SSDI lawyer.
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Applying For Crsc Vs Crdp
As mentioned above, veterans do not have to apply for CRDP however, this is not the case for CRSC. For CRSC, veterans must apply to their branch of service. The branch of service will determine the proportion of the veterans VA disability rating that is combat-related and subsequently award a CRSC rating, which will in turn determine the amount of additional monthly compensation the veteran receives. Eligibility criteria differ slightly for each branch of service, but for all branches of service, veterans must be receiving both service retired pay and VA disability compensation. Unlike CRDP, there is no minimum rating requirement for CRSC to be applied. Nonetheless, veterans with 0 percent ratings are not eligible because they are not receiving VA compensation and thus have no retired pay offset.
Can I Collect Social Security Retirement And Disability Benefits At The Same Time
When you suffer a disabling injury or illness, you want to collect all the benefits and funds you are entitled to. After all, your life will never be the same, and you need to secure your future as best you can. Disabled individuals who are nearing retirement age may want to know if they can collect both Social Security disability insurance benefits and Social Security retirement benefits at the same time.
While this may seem like an easy question to answer, the truth is that there are many variables that can affect your ability to collect benefits after a disability. Because of these variables and factors, it is important to consult with an experienced Arkansas SSDI lawyer immediately. Your attorney will be able to review the details surrounding your case to help you collect all the benefits you deserve.
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Ssdi Ssi And Retirement: What You Need To Know
There are some essential differences in how applicants qualify for disability and retirement benefits.
First, aside from having a verifiable disability, eligibility for SSDI and SSI depend on two different criteria. SSDI depends on your Social Security work credits, whereas SSI depends on your income and resources.
For SSDI, the number of work credits you have on your Social Security record determines the amount of your benefit. The recency of your work history is important as well. You must have earned work credits within the last five years to be eligible for SSDI.
The average monthly benefit paid out in 2022 is $1,358, though it is possible to receive up to $3,345 per month. In order to receive the maximum benefit for which you are eligible, we recommend working with a disability benefits lawyer when youre ready to fill out your application.
The fact is that over 60% of disability claim applications are denied, often due to avoidable mistakes. Working with an experienced legal professional can increase your likelihood of being approved for benefits. The appeal process, if you do receive a denial, is also easier when you work with a disability benefits attorney.
The bottom line for SSDI is that you must have a solid and recent work history in order to qualify and receive benefits.
SSI, on the other hand, doesnt require significant work credits. It is meant for those with low income and few resources who are at least age 65, blind, or disabled.