# How Do You Calculate Retirement Income

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## Understanding Mean And Median

How to calculate retirement income needs.

When youre looking at income averages for any population, youll see the number expressed in two terms: mean and median. A mean number is the result of adding a group of values together and dividing the total by the number of values. Median values come if you group a list of numbers together. The one in the middle is the median. So the answer to what is a good monthly retirement income isnt as cut and dried as it seems.

One example of that is how the numbers change when additional filters are added to it. If you look at the average retirement income by ZIP code, you may find that your income falls in line with the lower or high income levels in your area. Compare that to the typical income for your age bracket and youll get a more accurate picture of where you stand.

## Basing Your Needs On Current Income

Using current income to forecast retirement needs isn’t helpful for people who are in the early stages of their careers. You’re likely earning an entry- or mid-level income in your field if you’re in your twenties or thirties. Your income might drop for a while if you make a career change, and that would affect your savings formula. It becomes hard to project the amount you’ll need during your senior years if you’re unsure what your pre-retirement income will be over the years.

Start with a general rule of thumb. After analyzing many scenarios, we found that 75% is a good starting point to consider for your income replacement rate, says Roger Young, CFP®, a thought leadership director with T. Rowe Price. This means that if you make \$100,000 shortly before retirement, you can start to plan using the ballpark expectation that youll need about \$75,000 a year to live on in retirement.

Youll likely need less income in retirement than during your working years because:

• Most people spend less in retirement.

• Some of your income during your working years went toward saving for retirement, which isnt necessary anymore.

• Your taxes will likely be lowerespecially payroll taxes but probably income taxes as well.

The 75% income replacement rate ballpark figure is based on reducing your spending at retirement by 5% and saving 8% of your gross household income during your working years. We chose 8% because its about the average that people are saving in their retirement accounts, Young says.

#### Income Needed in Retirement

Youre likely to require less than during your working years.

Example is for illustrative purposes only.

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## How Much To Save For Retirement

Naturally, the next question becomes: how much should a person save for retirement? Simply put, it’s an extremely loaded question with very few definite answers. Similar to the answer to the question of whether to retire or not, it will depend on each person, and factors such as how much income will be needed, entitlement for Social Security retirement benefits, health and life expectancy, personal preferences regarding inheritances, and many other things.

Below are some general guidelines.

## Calculate Percentage Of Income

• This is a model, not a prediction.
• The results from this calculator are based on the limited information that you have provided and assumptions made about the future. The amounts projected are estimates only and are not guaranteed.
• This calculator cannot predict your final superannuation benefit or level of retirement income with certainty because this will depend on your personal circumstances, unexpected life events, the Age Pension paid, investment earnings, tax and inflation.
• This calculator assumes that your contributions are steady and predictable and that all assumptions remain steady. These assumptions are essential so the calculator can show the effect of things you may be able to control, such as choosing a different investment option.
• Consider updating the projections provided by this model regularly, particularly if your circumstances have changed.
• Some of the assumptions can be changed to reflect your personal circumstances.
• Do not rely solely on this calculator to make decisions about your retirement. There may be other factors to take into account. Consider your own needs, financial situation and investment objectives. You may wish to contact the Financial Information Service or get advice from a licensed financial adviser.

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## Benefits Of Using The Cleartax Retirement Planning Calculator

• It helps you to plan your finances in the post-retirement years.
• You will have a clear picture of how much you need to save every month to meet your retirement goals.
• The ClearTax Retirement Calculator shows you the retirement corpus you need at retirement in seconds.
• The Retirement Calculator gives you an idea of the future value of your current expenses.
• The ClearTax Retirement Calculator helps you to plan for additional expenses in retirement and increase the investments right now if you find the retirement corpus to be insufficient.

## What Is Retirement Planning

Retirement planning is the preparation of finances for the period after retirement or when you stop working. Planning for retirement can start from the day you get the first salary. Inflation is known to erode the value of your money. You must invest in financial instruments that may offer the return above inflation over some time. It helps you to get the finances to enjoy a quality lifestyle in retirement.

Retirement planning must include an estimation of the expenses in retirement, determining the time horizon for your retirement, assessing the risk appetite, and tax-efficiency of your investments.

Life expectancy is on the rise. You will have to depend on children and relatives for money if you dont invest for your retirement. You must increase your investment towards retirement when you get a hike on your salary. Dont touch the money you have set aside for your retirement or you will lose the benefit of compounding.

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Don’t despair if you start saving later in life. The best way to make up for getting a late start is to save harder.

The older you are, the more you should be saving and diversifying for retirement each month. Don’t over-allocate a portion of your savings to stocks with the thought that you need riskier investments to make up for lost decades of savings. Risk cuts both ways. You won’t have as much time to bounce back if your investments suffer.

Use index funds. Look for low-fee funds. Spread your money between a mix of stocks and bonds. Keep doing that through the rest of your working career, with the goal of saving 25 times your current level of spending by the day you retire.

Use a retirement calculator to make sure you’re on track. Ignore scary headlines in the financial news. You’re playing a long-term game. Getting caught up in the daily ups and downs of the market will only curb your progress.

Focus on ways that you can either boost your income or lower your expenses if you’re getting a late start saving for retirement. Doing a combination of both is ideal.

## How Can I Save More For Retirement

How to calculate YOUR retirement income || Retirement Income Strategies | Retirement Income Planning

When it comes to saving for retirement, the first step is picking the best retirement account. If youre already saving in a retirement account, make sure youre contributing enough to get your employers full matching contribution and then put your contributions on autopilot.

These strategies have been proven to help people save more for retirement, but dont stop there. Make a plan to gradually boost the amount you contribute each year, preferably each time you receive a raise. For more, see our guide on how to save for retirement.

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## Gains Upon The Sale Of Your Home

You most likely won’t pay taxes on gains from the sale of your home if you’ve lived there for at least two years, unless you have gains in excess of \$250,000 if you’re single, or \$500,000 if you’re married. The rules get more complex if you rented your home out for a while, so you might want to work with a tax professional to determine whether and how you should report any gains.

## Multiply Current Annual Spending By 25

Here’s a broad rule of thumb that you can use to figure out how much money you’ll need when you retire: Multiply your current annual spending by 25. That’s what your savings will have to be in retirement to allow you to safely withdraw 4% of that amount every year to live on.

You’ll need an investment portfolio that’s 25 times \$40,000 a year\$1 million at the start of your retirementif you spend \$40,000 per year now. This sum allows you to withdraw 4% in your first year of retirement, and that same 4% adjusted for inflation every year going forward. You’ll maintain a decent chance that you won’t outlive your money.

You could amass a \$1 million portfolio even on a salary of only \$30,000 to \$40,000 if you begin saving at an early age, as early as your twenties.

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## How To Calculate Your Retirement Income

To adequately prepare for retirement, you have to know how much income youll need during this phase of your life. Youll need to determine your estimated annual income needs so that you can work towards your total savings goal while youre still employed. Follow these tips to calculate retirement income.

## How Much Should I Save For Retirement

A rule of thumb is that youll need 10 times your income at retirement. If you make \$100,000 at retirement, then, youll need \$1 million in savings. But this is a very rough estimate. The AARP Retirement Calculator helps you refine that estimate. The tool bases its answer on three big questions: How long you need to save, how long youll need to spend your money and how much youll earn when on your money.

• The earlier you start saving for retirement, the better off youll be. If you start putting \$5,000 a year into an IRA at age 30, youll have about \$669,400 at age 70, assuming you earn 5 percent a year. If you start at age 50, youll have \$186,860. Although its never too late to start saving, its a lot easier if you start early. The AARP Retirement Calculator lets you adjust the age when you retire to see how youll fare at various ages.
• You may live longer than you think. Obviously, your life span in retirement is something you cant know. But you have a few ways to estimate it. One way to estimate is the IRS mortality tables. At 65, for example, the average person can expect to live another 21 years. This means that half live longer and half do not. To be safe, its probably best to assume youll live to 90 or more. If you come from a long-lived family, 100 may be a better guess. The AARP Retirement Calculator lets you estimate your time in retirement.

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## Average Retirement Income From Pensions

Retirees with monthly pensions are financially better off, on average, than those without. With an average monthly payout of \$1,500, someone relying on Social Security alone would be looking at an annual income of \$18,660. The average pension in the U.S. can significantly add to that. With the average pension being \$10,788 per year, that could bring a retiree up to almost \$30,000 before even touching retirement savings. Those monthly pension dollars go a long way to fund the basic expenses of retirement.

## Average Social Security Income 2022

Social Security makes up, on average, only 30 percent of the income for elderly recipients. For single recipients in June 2021, the average monthly payout was \$1,555, which would be \$3,110 for a married couple with both parties receiving the average. Only 12 percent of men and 15 percent of single people rely on Social Security for 90 percent of their income.

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## Average Retirement Income From Work

The latest data available on income in older adults comes from information pulled from government sources by the Pension Rights Center. Although the median income from all sources for seniors in 2019 was \$27,398, the income for seniors with earned income increased to \$35,036. Only one in five of all older adults continue to earn income after retirement.

## Create A List Of Your Retirement Expenses

CalPERS Quick Tip | Retirement Estimate Calculator

Now that you know how you want to spend your retirement, its time to produce a list that forecasts your expenses. This list can incorporate fixed and variable expenses.

Fixed expenses tend to stay the same, like your mortgage payment, car payment and utilities, while variable expenses fluctuate each month. Variable expenses include items like your groceries, entertainment expenses and transportation costs.

Make sure to include items that you dont pay regularly, like car maintenance, home maintenance, travel expenditures, gifts and charitable donations. Also include your healthcare costs this is one area where many individuals may spend more once they retire.

Once you have all your expenses listed for a month, add them up and multiply them by 12. Your annual retirement income needs to meet or exceed this figure. Its possible that your expenses may fluctuate throughout your retirement. For example, you might spend more while traveling more during your early retirement. If certain years might call for significantly more income, you can account for this when you do your calculations.

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First, find the Your pensionable earnings amounts for each year on the SOC that you got from the My Service Canada web site. These are referred to as your Unadjusted Pensionable Earnings .

For each year, divide the UPE for that year by the corresponding Years Maximum Pensionable Earnings .

The following link will provide you with a list of all YMPEs since the CPP began in 1966:

Next, multiply that result by the average YMPE for the five-year period ending in the year that your CPP will start.

x average YMPE for five-year period

Example calculation using the year 2018:

The average YMPE for the five-year period ending 2018 is \$54,440, based on YMPEs of \$52,500 for 2014, \$53,600 for 2015, \$54,900 for 2016, \$55,300 for 2017 and \$55,900 for 2018.

/ 5 = \$54,440

So if a person had a UPE of \$4,000 in 1966, the APE calculation would be:

x \$54,440

The resulting APE would be \$43,552.

This step effectively brings the earnings for each year up to a current year value. This means, for example, that a UPE of \$5,000 in 1966 is worth the same as a UPE of \$55,900 in 2018 when calculating your CPP retirement pension.

## Consider Your Tax Situation In Retirement

Whether you have to pay taxes on your retirement income depends on the type of accounts you have. You dont have to pay taxes on savings in a Roth 401 and Roth IRA since you already paid income taxes on those savings contributions. Accounts funded with tax-deferred dollars, like traditional IRAs and 401s, do require you to pay taxes on the withdrawals. Make sure that you take into account your potential tax liability when determining your total income needs.

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## How To Use The Cleartax Retirement Planning Calculator

The ClearTax Retirement Planning Calculator is a handy tool that shows the annual income you need at retirement, to maintain the current lifestyle in seconds.

• You must enter the current age in years by using the slider.
• You then enter the desired retirement age and your life expectancy.
• Fill in the monthly income required in retirement along with the expected inflation rate, and the expected return on investment .
• The ClearTax Retirement Planning Calculator shows you the annual income required immediately after retirement, the additional retirement funds which must be accumulated, and the monthly savings required to accumulate the fund.

## Why Have You Set The Default Life Expectancy Of The Calculator To 95 Years

For starters, people are living longer. Even though the average life expectancy in Canada is 82 years, many people live past this. It’s better to have more money tucked away for retirement than to run out of savings. Extra savings can always be passed down to your beneficiaries. You can change the default life expectancy if you think you’ll live a longer or shorter life.

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## Retirement Trivia: Are You Ready

Planning for retirement may not be the most fun youâll ever have, but this trivia will help.

• Unavailable

#### First Up

When can you start collecting Old Age Security benefits?

#### Good Try

OAS is a monthly benefit available to most Canadians age 65 or older. So, if you retire early, you will have to wait to receive this income source in retirement. Here are some other income options you can explore.

At what age must you convert your RRSP to RRIF?

#### Good Try

You can convert your RRSP to a RRIF at any time. However, your RRSP must be converted to a RRIF, annuity, or paid out in a lump sum by the end of the calendar year that you turn 71. Get more insights from this RRIF guide.

#### Halfway there!

True or False? The money in your RRIF is tax-sheltered until itâs withdrawn.

#### Good Try

Just like with your RRSP, you will not pay taxes on any money in your RRIF until you withdraw it. Read more about the Registered Retirement Income Fund.

True or false, unlike your RRSP, you can hold on to your TFSA for life.

#### Good Try

Unlike your RRSP, you can hold on to your Tax-Free Savings Account for life. Get the scoop on the TFSA.

#### Last questionâ¦thanks for hanging in there!

When is the earliest you can receive Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan ?

#### Good Try

The minimum age for taking CPP/QPP is 60. However, youâll get the full benefit at age 65 or an increased benefit if you hold off until age 70. Know more about CPP/QPP.

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