Retirement Calculator: How Much Money Do I Need To Retire
Andrew Dehan5-minute readNovember 12, 2021
Answering the question How much money do I need to retire? doesnt have to be overwhelming. While everyone has different ideas of what they want their retirement to look like, its useful to consider existing benchmarks to see whether youre on the right track.
You want to estimate your specific needs and goals. This includes how much you want to spend each year in retirement. It also depends on when you want to retire. Someone who retires in their mid-40s will need more money than someone who works longer and retires in their mid-60s.
Here are some questions and retirement planning strategies to help you estimate how much you need to retire.
How Can I Save More For Retirement
When it comes to saving for retirement, the first step is picking the best retirement account. If youre already saving in a retirement account, make sure youre contributing enough to get your employers full matching contribution and then put your contributions on autopilot.
These strategies have been proven to help people save more for retirement, but dont stop there. Make a plan to gradually boost the amount you contribute each year, preferably each time you receive a raise. For more, see our guide on how to save for retirement.
How Much Should A Married Couple Have Saved For Retirement By Age 40
If you are earning $50,000 by age 30, you should have $50,000 banked for retirement. By age 40, you should have three times your annual salary. By age 50, six times your salary by age 60, eight times and by age 67, 10 times. 8 If you reach 67 years old and are earning $75,000 per year, you should have $750,000 saved.
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Understanding Median And Mean
The numbers for median and mean hold different weights when considering which is more relevant for retirement planning. Lets take a look at what each one really represents.
The median number refers to the number placed in the exact middle of a set. If you were finding the median of 13 retirees incomes, you would organize the values from smallest to greatest. Whatever number falls in the 7th place is the median retirement income within this set of retirees.
The mean number is found by adding all of the values together and then averaging them out by the number of values you have. If youre trying to find the mean of 10 retirees incomes, youll add all of the values together and then divide by 10.
Because retirees with higher incomes tend to skew the mean retirement income, the median income is a more accurate measure of the national average.
Average Retirement Income: Where Do You Stand
Knowing the average retirement income in the United States can help you see how you compare to the national average. If youre unsure how much youll need for retirement, these numbers can also give you a baseline when planning for this phase of life.
Which strategies can I use to maximize my income in retirement?
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Reviewing the average retirement income can give you a sense of where to start preparing. After looking over the numbers, you can also gauge the health of your finances and if they need a thorough check-up.
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How Long Should I Expect My Retirement To Last
Its not a question anyone likes to address, but thinking about how long your retirement will last is another crucial factor towards hitting your goal. Did your parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents all live to be over 90 years old? Then you might want to plan on a little longer retirement if youre in good health.
Its also important to understand the role that Social Security plays as part of your post-retirement income. If youre interested in seeing what you can expect to draw when you retire, the Social Security Administration has a number of calculators to help you figure out your potential benefits.
While knowing the exact amount of years youll need to fund during your retirement is impossible, you can make a fairly good educated guess with a little research. Here is what popular investment firms and resources suggest.
Factor No : How Long Will You Live
Since no one really knows the answer to that question, it’s best to look at averages. At 65, the average man can expect to live another 18 years, to 83, according to Social Security. The average 65-year-old woman can expect another 20.5 years, to 85 1/2.
“Most people err on the shorter side of the estimate, says Schatsky. That can be a big misjudgment: If you plan your retirement based on living to 80, your 81st birthday might not be as festive as you’d like.
It makes sense to think about how long your parents and grandparents lived when you try to estimate how long you’ll need your money. If you’re married and both sets of parents lived into their late 90s, the only way you’re not getting there is if don’t look both ways when you cross the street, Bass, the Texas financial planner, says. Unless you know you’re in frail health, however, it’s probably best to plan to live 25 years after retirement to age 90.
How Much Does A Couple Need To Retire
Retirement planning can feel daunting, especially now that fewer employers provide pensions that can help to fund your golden years. If you’re married or committed to a partnership, planning for the future can result in twice the stress. You may be curious about the average retirement income for a couple and asking yourself, how much does a couple need to retire?
The amount you need as a couple depends on your requirements and circumstances, but there’s strength in numbers.
Keep in mind that there is no one-size-fits-all approach. You may have different visions for your golden years for instance, not all married couples retire at the same time but working together to align on similar goals and expectations for retirement can help set you both up for success.
How Much Annual Income Do I Need To Retire
There’s no such thing as a minimum retirement income, and how much you’ll need to budget will depend greatly on your unique lifestyle. Someone who plans to travel the world in retirement and eat out regularly will need more money than a retiree who enjoys cooking at home and exploring their local countryside.
To give people an idea about how much income they might need in retirement, Which? has done some of the sums already, which account for three different levels of lifestyle. We can’t stress enough that these are rough estimates, but they should give you an idea about what you should be aiming for.
To fund a basic lifestyle, where all the essentials like groceries and bills are covered but there’s very little budget for even the simplest of staycations, you’ll need an income of roughly £13,000 per year for a single person. If you’re living with someone else, you’ll need to bring in £18,000 between you.
If you’d prefer a ‘comfortable’ lifestyle, which gives you a little extra for foreign breaks, leisure activities and the odd drink or two, you’ll need £19,000, or £26,000 per year for two. And to fund a luxury retirement, where you’re free to embark on long-haul trips, purchase new cars and live life to the fullest, you’ll need £31,000 for one or £41,000 for a couple.
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Factor No : How Much Will You Spend
The rule of thumb is that you’ll need about 80 percent of your pre-retirement income when you leave your job, although that rule requires a pretty flexible thumb. The 80 percent rule comes from the fact that you will no longer be paying payroll taxes toward Social Security , and you won’t be shoveling money into your 401 or other savings plan. In addition, you’ll save on the usual costs of going to work the pandemic won’t keep everyone at home forever such as new clothing, dry cleaning bills, commuting expenses and the like.
You also need to factor in any pension or Social Security income you’ll be getting. If your annual pre-retirement expenses are $50,000, for example, you’d want retirement income of $40,000 if you followed the 80 percent rule of thumb. If you and your spouse will collect $2,000 a month from Social Security, or $24,000 a year, you’d need about $16,000 a year from your savings. Bear in mind, however, that any withdrawals from a tax-deferred savings account, such as a traditional IRA or a 401 plan, would be reduced by the amount of taxes you pay.
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Retiring At Different Times
If theres an age difference between you two, the older partner might retire a few years before the younger one. Or if one truly loves their work, they might stay longer while the other leaves the workforce.
Retiring at different times can come with some financial benefits. It gives the working partner more time to save for their retirement. And it can be a trial run for a couple as well. How one partner spends their time and money while retired can be a road map for the other. And a later retirement for one partner may mean a bigger Social Security check for that person, which means more money to share in retirement.
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How Your Spending Habits Change In Retirement
As people age, their spending patterns change, according to an analysis of Bureau of Labor Department data.2 On average, US households under age 55 spend almost $58,000 a year on a wide variety of expenses. Starting at age 55, spending tends to increase slightly, as some younger retirees travel or take on new pursuits. In the age range when most are retired at 65+, there is a significant drop in overall spending.
The makeup of spending also changes. While spending on food, entertainment, and transportation remains relatively stable, spending on housing tends to go down and spending on health care goes up.
The Best Financial Plan
After the meeting, Bob and Sarah had many discussions about how to prioritize their goals. They knew they didnt want to work nine more years, but agreed that six was doable. They began cutting their current spending and directing the savings to their trust account, with the goal of getting to the $95,000/year spending level and $15,000/ year savings within 2 years. They also agreed they could work an additional year if it took them longer to adjust their savings/spending level, or that they could retire in five years if they adjusted their savings and spending level more quickly than anticipated.
I knew we hadnt been saving enough, and I was dreading the outcome of the financial plan. What a relief to see I have choices on how to make a course correction. I appreciated the stress testing. Even in worst case scenarios, I could see that Sarah and I were going to be fine.
I loved tweaking the combination of variables. I was able to see what might happen if my mom left me an inheritance or what might happen if we needed long term care. The financial plan helped Bob and I realize what is most important to us. Im excited to put our new plan into place.
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Can I Retire At 60 With 500k
Can I retire on $500k plus Social Safety? Sure, you may! The typical month-to-month Social Safety Revenue check-in 2021 is $1,543 per particular person. Within the tables beneath, well use an annuity with a lifetime earnings rider coupled with SSI to present you a higher thought of the earnings you might obtain off a $500,000 in financial savings.
Key Investing And Retirement Definitions
401: This is a plan for retirement savings that companies offer employees. A 401 plan gives employees a tax break on money they contribute. Contributions are automatically withdrawn from employee paychecks and invested in funds of the employees choosing .
Compound interest: The interest you earn on both your original deposit and on the interest that original deposit earns. For example, a $1,000 investment earning 6% compounded annually could become roughly $4,300 in 25 years.
Contribution limits: The IRS puts limits on the amount of money that can be contributed to 401s and IRAs each year. These limits sometimes change from year to year.
Financial advisor: A financial advisor offers consumers help with managing money. Financial advisors can advise clients on making investments, saving for retirement, and monitoring spending, among other things. A financial advisor can be a professional, or a digital investment management service called a robo-advisor.
IRA: An individual retirement account is a tax-advantaged investment account individuals use for retirement savings.
Income: The money you get from working, investing, or providing goods or services.Inflation: This happens when the price of goods and services increases as time passes. The result is a decrease in purchasing power, or the value of money.
Nest egg: A sum of money you have set aside for the future in this case, retirement.
Returns: The money you earn or lose on an investment.
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So How Much Income Do You Need
The reason you don’t need to replace 100% of your pre-retirement income is that, when you retire, you’re typically able to eliminate certain expenses. For example:
But retiring on 80% of your annual income isn’t perfect for everyone. You might want to adjust your goal based on the type of retirement lifestyle you plan to have and if your expenses will be significantly different.
For example, if you plan to travel frequently in retirement, you may want to aim for 90% to 100% of your pre-retirement income. On the other hand, if you plan to pay off your mortgage before you retire or downsize your living situation, you may be able to live comfortably on less than 80%.
Let’s say you consider yourself the typical retiree. Between you and your spouse, you currently have an annual income of $120,000. Based on the 80% principle, you can expect to need about $96,000 in annual income after you retire, which is $8,000 per month.
How Being A Couple Affects Your Income Needs
Being the main breadwinner in a couple usually increases the amount of income youll need for retirement, since youre saving for two people instead of one. The money you save has to be enough to last for your lifetime and your spouse or partners, so that neither of you is left without income if you outlive the other.
Aside from differences in life expectancy, there are other factors that affect a couple income needs, including:
Target retirement dates for each partner
PT work status of each partner in retirement
Expected long-term care needs
All of those things must be considered when pinpointing what is a good monthly retirement income for a couple. The sooner you start thinking about your needs ahead of retirement, the easier it is to prepare financially.
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How Much Do You Need To Retire Comfortably In Australia
Calculate how much money you might have, how long it will last and how much youll need in retirement, with our retirement calculators
Working out how much is enough for retirement depends on many factors, such as your lifestyle, plans for the future, and the number of years youll spend retired. Additionally, estimating how much youll have when you plan to retire depends on factors such as your current salary, super balance and assets. With so many factors, its easy to see why you might need a retirement calculator to get an idea of your retirement savings needs.
By using our helpful retirement calculators, you can get an indication of whether theres a shortfall between how much you are estimated to have and how much youll need in retirement, and put a plan in place to address the situation.
Factor No : How Much Can You Withdraw From Savings Each Year
A landmark 1998 study from Trinity College in Texas tried to find the most sustainable withdrawal rate from retirement savings accounts over various time periods. The study found that an investor with a portfolio of 50 percent stocks and 50 percent bonds could withdraw 4 percent of the portfolio in the first year and adjust the withdrawal amount by the rate of inflation each subsequent year with little danger of running out of money before dying.
For example, if you have $250,000 in savings, you could withdraw $10,000 in the first year and adjust that amount upward for inflation each year for the next 30 years. Higher withdrawal rates starting above 7 percent annually greatly increased the odds that the portfolio would run out of money within 30 years.
More recent analyses of the 4 percent rule have suggested that you can improve on the Trinity results with a few simple adjustments not withdrawing money from your stock fund in a bear-market year, for example, or foregoing inflation raises for several years at a time. At least at first, however, it’s best to be conservative in withdrawals from your savings, if you can.
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