How Much To Save For Retirement


Am I Saving Enough For Retirement

How Much to Save For Retirement: Early Retirement Calculator

Its important to regularly check in on your retirement savings progress as you contribute to your 401 and other accounts. MagnifyMoneys retirement savings calculator can help you determine how much money youll have saved up for retirement. This calculator wont determine how much money youll need for retirement, but it can estimate how much money youll have when you hit your target retirement date. If you are want to speak to a professional about your savings pace talk to a financial advisor about how you can reach your ultimate retirement goals.

A common benchmark for determining whether youre on track to save enough for retirement was created by the investment firm Fidelity. Its rule of thumb recommends saving at least:

  • 1x your salary by age 30
  • 3x by age 40
  • 8x by age 60
  • 10x by age 67

You might also consider taking a look at your peers retirement savings progress to get an idea of how you compare. MagnifyMoney compiled a retirement savings study with information including the average U.S. households retirement savings by age.

The Find a Financial Advisor links contained in this article will direct you to webpages devoted to MagnifyMoney Advisor . After completing a brief questionnaire, you will be matched with certain financial advisers who participate in MMAs referral program, which may or may not include the investment advisers discussed.

Retirement Savings Confidence By Age

Anxious that you aren’t saving enough for retirement? You’re not alone. A 2020 survey by Charles Schwab of currently employed 401 plan participants found that saving enough for retirement continues to be a leading source of significant financial stress for all generations. Participants in the survey anticipate that the economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic will have an impact on their retirement savings.

Overall, only 37% of survey respondents think they are “very likely” to achieve their retirement savings goals. Almost half believe they are “somewhat likely” to do so, and 14% said it is “not likely” at all. Gen X has the least confidencejust 32% feel it is “very likely” they will reach their goalscompared to 39% of baby boomers and 42% of millennials.

In the early and middle years of your career, you have time to recover from any losses in your retirement accounts. That’s a good time to take some of the risks that allow you to earn more with your investments.

Why You Can Trust Bankrate

Founded in 1976, Bankrate has a long track record of helping people make smart financial choices. Weve maintained this reputation for over four decades by demystifying the financial decision-making process and giving people confidence in which actions to take next.

Bankrate follows a strict editorial policy, so you can trust that were putting your interests first. All of our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts, who ensure everything we publish is objective, accurate and trustworthy.

Our reporters and editors focus on the points consumers care about most how to save for retirement, understanding the types of accounts, how to choose investments and more so you can feel confident when planning for your future.

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Rule : 70% Of Working Income

This rule estimates that you will need between 70% and 100% of your pre-retirement income in retirement: 70% if you are typical and do not have a mortgage, and up to 100% if you are still paying a hefty mortgage plus other atypical expenses while retired.

The idea behind this rule is that your expenses are generally expected to be lower in retirement: no mortgage payments, no longer need to save for retirement, kids are financially dependent, etc. After computing this amount, you can then proceed to calculate how much you need by going back to Rule 1 or 2.

For example, assume you earn $100,000 per year before retiring. Using the 70% rule, you will need approximately $70,000 in annual income to maintain your lifestyle in retirement. Going back to Rule 2, it implies you need:

â $70,000 x 25 â $1.75 million in retirement.

I think the 70% rule is a fairly liberal estimate of retirement income needs . A survey conducted by Sunlife and released in 2016, shows that Canadian retirees were on average living on 62% of their pre-retirement income.

Retirement Income Calculation Rules Of Thumb

How Much You Should Have Saved in Your Retirement Account ...

When it comes to income required in retirement in Canada, there are several rules of thumb or schools of thought out there. If you are looking for a definite answer to put your mind at rest, you may be disappointed.

In fact, the one thing everyone readily agrees to is that when it comes to retirement income, it is not black and white and there is no 100% consensus.

Popular rules of thumb include:

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So How Much Income Do You Need

With that in mind, you should expect to need about 80% of your pre-retirement income to cover your cost of living in retirement. In other words, if you make $100,000 now, you’ll need about $80,000 per year after you retire, according to this principle.

The idea is that once you retire, you’ll be able to eliminate certain expenses. You’ll no longer have to save for retirement , and you might spend less on commuting expenses and other costs related to going to work.

Now, this retirement withdrawal strategy isn’t perfect for everyone, and you might want to adjust it up or down based on the type of retirement you plan to have and if your expenses will be significantly different.

For example, if you plan to travel frequently in retirement, you may want to aim for 90% to 100% of your pre-retirement income. On the other hand, if you plan to pay off your mortgage before you retire or downsize your living situation, you may be able to live comfortably on less than 80%.

Let’s say you consider yourself the typical retiree. Between you and your spouse, you currently have an annual income of $120,000. Based on the 80% principle, you can expect to need about $96,000 in annual income after you retire, which is $8,000 per month.

Rule : 4% Withdrawal Rate

The 4% withdrawal rule infers that you build up a retirement portfolio that provides a certain amount of income to you per annum at a 4% or so withdrawal rate. A 4% withdrawal rate is often referred to as a safe withdrawal rate.

For example, say you have figured out that you need $40,000 per year in retirement. Using a withdrawal rate of 4%, you should have a minimum of $1 million in retirement savings before you retire.

â $40,000 â 4% = $1,000,000

This rule of thumb works whether you plan to retire early at 35 or go the conventional route and retire at 65 years or later. Its the strategy often utilized by many early retirement enthusiasts or the movement popularly referred to as FIRE Financial Independence/Retire Early.

Note: For earlier retirement plans, consider that you will not be receiving a government pension or retirement benefits until later in life and adjust your income needs accordingly.

The general idea behind the funds lasting you for life is based on historical market returns. If we assume your investment portfolio generates approximately 7% annually in long-term returns, then real returns of approximately 4% are expected after accounting for inflation .

Essentially, a 4% withdrawal rate assumes your investment portfolio is not highly conservative .

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Be Aware That Rrsps Arent The Only Saving Option For Retirement

The final takeaway for Engen may come as surprise to many: Joe likely shouldnt have been saving in an RRSP at all. Given his level of income, a Tax-Free Savings Account might have been a better option, he told Global News.

Well look at how Joe would have fared with a TFSA in our next installment of the Money123 series on Tuesday.


DisclaimerGlobal News provides the information contained in this series for informational purposes only. It is not to be used or construed or relied upon as financial, legal, tax, accounting or other professional advice or recommendations regarding the suitability, profitability or potential value of any particular investment, product, service or course of action. The information provided does not replace consultations with professional advisors and it is recommended that you seek appropriate independent advice from qualified professional advisors before making any financial or other decisions. Global News shall not be responsible or liable in any way for any loss or damage directly or indirectly incurred as a result of, or in connection with, the use of such information by you.

Retirement Rule Of Thumb: 4% Rule

How Much Do You Really Need to Save for Retirement?

There are different ways to determine how much money you need to save to get the retirement income you want. One easy-to-use formula is to divide your desired annual retirement income by 4%, which is known as the 4% rule.

To generate the $80,000 cited above, for example, you would need a nest egg at retirement of about $2 million . This strategy assumes a 5% return on investments , no additional retirement income , and a lifestyle similar to the one you would be living at the time you retire.

Keep in mind that your life expectancy plays an important role in determining if the 4% rule rate will be sustainable. In general, the 4% rule assumes that you will live for about another 30 years in retirement. Retirees who live longer need their portfolios to last longer, and medical costs and other expenses can increase as you age.

The 4% rule does not work unless you stick to it year in and year out. Straying one year to splurge on a big purchase can have major consequences because this reduces the principal, which directly impacts the compound interest that a retiree depends on to sustain their income.

Read Also: How To Start Saving For Retirement At 30

What Lifestyle Do You Want In Retirement

People have different ideas of how they might live when theyve finished working.

The Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association broadly categorises these into 3 retirement living standards:

  • Minimum geared towards paying for essentials with all your needs covered.

  • Moderate gives financial security and some flexibility.

  • Comfortable provides more financial freedom and some luxuries.

  • How many holidays do you see yourself taking a year? Would you have a car? If so, how often would you want to replace it? And how much home maintenance do you think youll need to do?

    Take the quick quiz in our retirement calculator to work out which of these 3 retirement lifestyles would suit you best.

    Making A More Detailed Estimate

    The best way to figure out if you are saving enough is to run a more detailed estimate using a retirement calculator. Then, you can make a budget plan based on realistic lifestyle expense needs. This will allow you to review your entire financial picture. It can also help you include your personalized Social Security estimates, the potential use of the equity in your home, and other income sources such as inheritances, part-time work, or rental income.

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    Retirement Savings As A Multiple Of Your Income

    One rule of thumb for how much you should have in your nest egg is based on savings factors that are linked to your age and income. Through this approach, you can make savings goals that are based on multiples of your income. Then, you can track your progress through the accumulation stage of your career.

    Fidelity has identified retirement saving factors for various ages along the journey towards retirement. For instance, to retire comfortably, Fidelity recommends that you save 10 times your annual salary by age 67.

    It also provides a timeline with benchmarks to help you achieve the recommended amount of savings needed to stay on track:

    • : Have the equivalent of one times your salary saved.
    • : Have two times your salary saved.
    • : Have three times your salary saved.
    • : Have four times your salary saved.
    • : Have six times your salary saved.
    • : Have seven times your salary saved.
    • : Have eight times your salary saved.
    • : Have 10 times your salary saved.

    Keep in mind that the savings factors above are based on the average lifestyle. Through Fidelity’s retirement savings widget, you can get an adjusted savings factor based on your age, when you plan to retire, and your future lifestyle in retirement.

    Create Your Passive Investment Stream Through Investing


    Bonds remain a passive investment opportunity thats worth exploring. However, a lot of people seem to overlook the potential of bands. In fact, even dedicated investors sometimes fail to remember how bonds are capable of functioning as reliable, even strong sources for passive income.

    A bond represents the ownership of a loan that is taken out by a company or a government. This is one of the strongest examples of passive income you are ever going to come across. Whether you dont plan to invest in stocks, or even if you are currently investing in stocks, its worth looking more closely into the world of investing in bonds.

    Buying bonds of differing maturities is a great way to have both short and long-term payoffs in your corner. There are additional possibilities for passive income investments that you are free to explore. Were talking about investing in equities, as well as looking into the world of P2P lending.

    Both of these options are investments of a kind. With P2P lending, things can get very complex very quickly. However, if you deal in sound investments, and you have a mind for organization, you can potentially do very well with P2P lending.

    Recommended Reading: Can You Start An Ira After Retirement

    The First Step When Calculating How Much Youll Need Is Estimating Your Future Expenses In Retirement

    There are many rules of thumb out there when it comes to retirement. You may have heard that you should be saving 10-15 per cent of your pre-tax income, or that youll need around 70 per cent of your income when you stop working.

    In our example, Joe Supersaver ends up with an amount equal to almost all of his pre-retirement earnings by saving 18 per cent of his earnings.

    Joe the Supersaver is going to be fine, Engen said. Thats true especially given that he will no longer have to set aside over $7,000 a year for retirement, which will significantly boost his disposable income. Instead of maximizing his RRSP contribution, post-retirement Joe Supersaver will likely have room to save up for routine big-ticket expenses like a new car or roof, and, maybe, a few vacations.

    READ MORE: Looking for last-minute RRSP advice? Warren Buffett thinks you should buy index funds

    Ordinary Joe, on the other hand, will likely be on pretty thin ice. Not having to save for retirement will free up a little over $300 a month in his cash flow compared to when he was working. Thats not much of a cushion to deal with unexpected costs, Engen said.

    The 70 per cent income-replacement ratio doesnt work well for someone with a relatively low income like Joe. For others, though, that may be plenty, especially at higher income levels.

    READ MORE: Why maximizing your RRSP contribution simply isnt enough

    How Much Money Do I Need To Retire In Canada In 2021

    In the retirement series, I wrote about the Canada Pension Plan, RRSPs, Old Age Security, and other employment pension plans.

    Taking it a step further, I want to address a question Iâve often asked myself :

    How much money do I need to have saved up before I retire?

    How can I retire at age 50, 55, 60, or 65 years old?

    How much income will I need in retirement?

    or more specifically: How much money do I need to retire in Canada?

    These, of course, are important questions!

    As you grow older, you start to wonder if youâre putting aside enough money for retirement and if your retirement nest egg will hold up when you finally do retire.

    While I do not have all the answers, Iâll take a stab at providing an answer that hopefully gets you started on the road to arriving at the magic number or multiple that works for you.

  • Closing Thoughts
  • Read Also: Retirement Homes In Ventura Ca

    Just Getting Started Save What You Can

    If retirement is decades away, setting a specific goal amount is probably unnecessary. For now, focus on:

  • Immediately saving at least enough to get the full match offered by your employer plan, if you have one. This is free moneydon’t let it pass you by.
  • Working your way up to 12%15% of your pay, including any employer match. For example, you could increase your savings rate 1% every year until you reach your target rate. This should get you in the ballpark of what you’ll need.
  • Break Down How Much You Should Be Saving Each Year

    How Much To Save For Retirement

    Now that you have an idea of how much you’ll need, you can begin calculating how much you should be setting aside annually.

    One simple way to determine your savings goals is to aim for a multiple of your current annual earnings. While the actual amount varies according to your projected retirement costs and even the specific investments you choose for your retirement portfolio, these serve as a rough target and give you a better sense of where you stand.

    According to Fidelity, here’s how much you should have saved up each decade in order to meet your retirement goals:

    10+ times

    To reach these targets, many financial experts suggest a dedicated savings rate of 15% to 20% per year. However, you may need to save even more, depending on what retirement will look like for you, what sort of financial obligations you expect to have in retirement, and your current assets.

    The sooner you start saving, the easier it will be to compound your savings and reach your goals by the time retirement arrives.

    Read Also: Things To Consider When Retiring

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