Medicare Full Retirement Age Chart


If You Were Born Between 1957 Your Full Retirement Age Is 66 And 6 Months

Social Security: Full Retirement Age Explained

If you start receiving benefits at age 66 and 6 months you get 100 percent of your monthly benefit. If you delay receiving retirement benefits until after your full retirement age, your monthly benefit continues to increase.

The chart below explains how delayed retirement affects your benefit. The increase is based on your date of birth and the number of months you delay the start of your retirement benefits. If you start receiving retirement benefits at age:

  • 67, you’ll get 104 percent of the monthly benefit because you delayed getting benefits for 6 months.
  • 70, you’ll get 128 percent of the monthly benefit because you delayed getting benefits for 42 months.

When you reach age 70, your monthly benefit stops increasing even if you continue to delay taking benefits.

What You Should Know About Medicare And Retirement

Most people become eligible for Medicare at age 65, which is also the age at which many people retire. However, many American seniors are postponing retirement to continue working, and some are retiring early.

If youve retired or are approaching retirement age, you may have questions about how this will affect your Medicare coverage.

Below, we take a look at several scenarios to help you better understand your health insurance options whether you retire early, retire at 65, or continue working past the age of 65.

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Whats The Retirement Age Now

Your retirement age depends on

  • What year you were born
  • Whether you want full benefits or reduced benefits

You may have heard that the traditional retirement age was 65. Its true that 65 was the full retirement age for many years. In fact, 65 is still the full retirement age if you were born in 1937 or before.

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Budgeting For Medicare After Retirement

Most people dont pay a monthly premium for Part A, but you will still have to plan to pay a portion of your inpatient care costs if youre admitted to a hospital for care.

Other Medicare parts, like Part B, also come with costs that can add up. Youll need to pay monthly premiums, copayments, coinsurance, and deductibles. You can pay for premiums and other Medicare costs in several ways.

While you could budget and save for healthcare throughout your life, other programs can help:

  • Paying with Social Security. You can have your Medicare premiums deducted directly from your Social Security benefits. Plus, certain protections can keep your premium increase from exceeding your cost of living increase from Social Security. This is known as the hold harmless provision, and it could save you money from year to year on your premiums.
  • Medicare savings programs. These state programs use Medicaid dollars and other funding to help you pay your Medicare costs.
  • Extra Help. The Extra Help program offers additional help paying for prescription medications under Part D.
  • Dont delay your enrollment. To save the most money on your Medicare costs, make sure you qualify for a special enrollment period before you delay signing up.

Reaching Age 62 Can Affect Your Spouse’s Medicare Premiums

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Although reaching age 62 does not qualify you for Medicare, it can carry some significance for your spouse if they receive Medicare benefits.

When one spouse in a couple turns 62 years old, the other spouse who is at least 65 years old may now qualify for premium-free Medicare Part A if they havent yet qualified based on their own work history.

  • For example, Gerald is 65 years old, but he doesnt qualify for premium-free Part A because he did not work the minimum number of years required for eligibility. He can still receive Medicare Part A, but he will have to pay a monthly premium for it. In 2020, the Medicare Part A premium can be as high as $458 per month.
  • Lets say Geralds wife, Jessica, reaches age 62 and has worked for the required number of years to qualify for premium-free Part A once she turns 65. Because Jessica is now 62 years old and has met the working requirement, Gerald may now receive premium-free Part A.

In the above example, Jessica has not become eligible for Medicare by turning 62. Her husband Gerald, however, is now eligible to receive his Medicare Part A benefits without paying a monthly premium any longer.

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How Much Money Should You Have Saved For Retirement By Age

The amount of money you need to retire and have saved by age depends on your income, lifestyle, and other factors. Fidelity recommends having the equivalent of your salary saved by 30, three times your salary by 40, six times your salary by 50, eight times your salary by 60, and 10 times your salary by 67. You may want to be more aggressive with saving if you want to retire sooner or makeup ground if youre getting a later start.

How Soon Can I Take Social Security

When it comes to receiving the maximum Social Security benefit possible, timing is important. Sometimes beneficiaries may receive more by delaying withdrawal, but some older adults may need the funds sooner.

Start by asking yourself some questions:

  • Do I want to retire early?
  • Do I want to/need to work past age 70?
  • What happens to my Medicare if I work past age 65?

The SSA website offers future planning calculators, opens new window to help you estimate things that can affect retirement. These include life expectancy, pension eligibility, spousal benefits and retirement age.2

While you can take benefits as early as age 62, it may not be recommended. Only those on disability, or surviving spouses, can take Social Security earlier than 62.3

Your full retirement age, also known as normal retirement age, determines if you can receive full benefits. While the original full retirement age was 65 for all, heres a snapshot of how the law has changed:

If you take Social Security up to 36 months before your full retirement age, your benefit will be permanently reduced by 5/9 of 1%. If you withdraw more than 36 months early, your benefit is reduced by 5/12 of 1% each month.4

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How Long Can I Keep Fehb In Retirement

Most employees are aware of this five-year rule however, theyre not clear on what that five-year rule really means. It does not mean that the employee had to be in the same FEHB subscription for five years. Employees are allowed to change carrier, plan, and type of coverage within that five-year period.

How does FEHB work after retirement?

Once employees retire and have chosen to keep their FEHB coverage after retirement, they start paying the premium with after-tax cash. While they work, they pay the FEHB premium with pre-tax money, but when they retire, they pay it with after-tax money.

Do federal employees get medical benefits when they retire?

After retirement, federal employees enjoy a monthly annuity and medical coverage. To qualify for coverage, you must meet minimum service requirements, which include being covered as a federal employee for at least five years. Your spouse will receive coverage without the five-year plan.

Democrats Push Bill To Lower Medicare Eligibility Age To 60

Social Security Full Retirement Age

House Democrats have introduced legislation that would lower Medicare eligibility to age 60, down from 65.

And if the Improving Medicare Coverage Act were to become law, the ripple effects would be numerous, said Jae Oh, author of Maximize your Medicare.

Among other things, the proposed law could potentially cut the cost of someones health insurance from $900 a month to just $160 a month if they were between the ages of 60-65. Plus, it could potentially cut how much someone spends on health care annually by 75%.

This potential law could also have positive effects for businesses. Employees might be more likely to switch to Medicare and opt-out of their employers health insurance, according to Oh.

However, there will likely be pushback from health care providers, according to Oh. When a patient uses Medicare, the health care providers are typically compensated at a lower rate. Health care providers also have less flexibility to negotiate their prices under Medicare, compared to private or employer-based health insurance

Could you see hospitals, for example, hospital systems trying to resist a wholesale change of Medicare eligibility age? asked Oh. very possible.

While it is impossible to look into the future and see how the Senate will vote on this, it will be important to keep an eye on this as it can revolutionize Medicare.

For more, read:

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Who Can Claim Social Security

There are various types of Social Security benefits, but heres how to qualify for the retirement benefits that could make up a third of your monthly income:

  • You are at least 62 years old
  • You have worked at least 10 full years , and Social Security taxes were withheld or
  • Your spouse or ex-spouse worked 10+ years, and you qualify for benefits based on his or her record.

Keep in mind that Social Security benefits may also be available for children, spouses, former spouses or people with disabilities. And if a loved one dies, certain family members may qualify for survivor benefits. To learn more about qualifying for any of these benefits, you should consult a tax professional or your financial consultant to see how it applies to your own situation.

Fact #: Social Security Is Especially Beneficial For Women

Social Security is especially important for women, because they tend to earn less than men, take more time out of the paid workforce, live longer, accumulate less savings, and receive smaller pensions. Women represent more than half of Social Security beneficiaries in their 60s and 7 in 10 beneficiaries in their 90s. In addition, women make up 96 percent of Social Security survivor beneficiaries.

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How To Enroll For Medicare

If you meet the requirements for those 65 and older, you can receive Medicare Part A without paying any premiums. However, if you or your spouse did not pay Medicare taxes, you may have to pay for Part A. Medicare Part A covers hospital insurance. Medicare part B covers things like outpatient care, preventive services and medical equipment. It can also cover part-time home health services and physical therapy. Should you decide you also want Medicare Part B, you must pay a monthly premium.

If you have received Social Security disability benefits for 24 months, you will automatically be enrolled in Medicare at the start of the 25th month. If you have Lou Gehrigs disease, you are automatically enrolled the first month you begin receiving benefits. For these situations, enrollment includes both Medicare Part A and Part B. However, if you have end-stage renal disease, your Medicare benefits are determined on a case-by-case basis. In this case, you will need to manually apply.

Who Is Eligible For Medicare

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Generally, Medicare is available for people age 65 or older, younger people with disabilities and people with End Stage Renal Disease . Medicare has two parts, Part A and Part B . You are eligible for premium-free Part A if you are age 65 or older and you or your spouse worked and paid Medicare taxes for at least 10 years. You can get Part A at age 65 without having to pay premiums if:

  • You are receiving retirement benefits from Social Security or the Railroad Retirement Board.
  • You are eligible to receive Social Security or Railroad benefits but you have not yet filed for them.
  • You or your spouse had Medicare-covered government employment.

To find out if you are eligible and your expected premium, go the eligibility tool.

If you did not pay Medicare taxes while you worked, and you are age 65 or older and a citizen or permanent resident of the United States, you may be able to buy Part A. If you are under age 65, you can get Part A without having to pay premiums if:

  • You have been entitled to Social Security or Railroad Retirement Board disability benefits for 24 months.
  • You are a kidney dialysis or kidney transplant patient.

While most people do not have to pay a premium for Part A, everyone must pay for Part B if they want it. This monthly premium is deducted from your Social Security, Railroad Retirement, or Civil Service Retirement check. If you do not get any of these payments, Medicare sends you a bill for your Part B premium every 3 months.

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How Old Do You Have To Be To Get Medicare

Are you wondering at what age you can get Medicare coverage? You could say that Medicare age ranges from 65 up, for the rest of your life, for most people in the U.S. If you qualify for Medicare by disability, you can get Medicare before age 65. Youâre generally eligible for Medicare if youâre younger than 65, and:

  • Youâve been getting Social Security disability benefits for at least 24 months. Youâre typically signed up for Medicare automatically when you start the 25th
  • You have end-stage renal disease . You might qualify for Medicare, but youâre not automatically signed up. You need to contact Social Security or visit their website, gov.
  • You have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , also known as Lou Gehrigâs disease. Youâre automatically signed up for Medicare the same month your Social Security disability benefits start.

What If You Are Divorced

If you are divorced from a worker who is entitled to a Social Security retirement benefit, and your marriage lasted at least 10 years, you may have the opportunity to claim benefits on your ex-spouse’s recordeven if he or she remarried.

  • If you are divorced, you can receive spousal benefits on your ex-spouse’s record if you are unmarried, at least 62 years old, and the benefit you’re entitled to on your ex-spouse’s record is more than what you could get through your own record.
  • If your ex-spouse dies, you may be entitled to a survivor’s benefit on his or her record. You can claim as early as age 60 for reduced benefits, or receive full benefits at your full retirement age. And if you remarry after age 60, there’s no impact on your eligibility.

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How Much Does Medicare Cost At Age 65

The standard premium for Part B modestly increases year over year. Part A costs also can increase, including the annual deductible and other coinsurance. Known as hospital insurance, Part A doesnt require a monthly premium as long as you have paid Medicare taxes through employment for at least 10 years.

Part B, known as medical insurance, typically pays 80% of the covered cost while you pay the deductible and then 20%.

Knowing The Difference Between Early Retirement Full Retirement Age And Delayed Retirement Is A Vital Part Of Successful Retirement Planning

What is the Full Retirement Age for Social Security?

When you work, you pay taxes into Social Security. Upon retirement, you get paid a certain amount of Social Security benefits each month, which is based on your highest 35 years of earnings. The amount can vary depending on how much you earn and when you choose to start benefits.

On average, retirees receive about 40% of their pre-retirement income from Social Security. Depending on the age you want to retire, knowing about your benefits can help you calculate how much more income you’ll need.

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Am I Eligible For Medicare

To receive Medicare, you must be eligible for Social Security benefits.

Part A Eligibility

Most people age 65 or older are eligible for Medicare Part A based on their own employment, or their spouses employment. Most people have enough Social Security credits to get Part A for free. Others must purchase it.

You are eligible for Medicare Part A if you meet one of the following criteria:

  • You are eligible for Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits, even if you do not receive those benefits.
  • You are entitled to Social Security benefits based on a spouses, or divorced spouses work record, and that spouse is at least 62 years old.
  • You have worked long enough in a federal, state, or local government job to be eligible for Medicare.

If you are under 65, you are eligible for Medicare Part A if you meet one of the following criteria:

  • You have received Social Security disability benefits for 24 months.
  • You have received Social Security benefits as a disabled widow, divorced disabled widow, or a disabled child for 24 months.
  • You have worked long enough in a federal, state, or local government job and meet the requirements of the Social Security disability program.
  • You have permanent kidney failure that requires maintenance dialysis or a kidney transplant.
  • You are diagnosed with ALS or Lou Gehrigs disease.

Part B Eligibility

If you are eligible for Part A, you can enroll in Medicare Part B which has a monthly premium.

Will I Need To Prove My Age?

Automatic Enrollment

Medicare Eligibility At Age 65

  • You are at least 65 years old
  • You are a U.S. citizen or a legal resident for at least five years

In order to receive premium-free Part A of Medicare, you must meet both of the above requirements and qualify for full Social Security or Railroad Retirement Board benefits, which requires working and paying Social Security taxes for at least 10 full years .

Learn more about Medicare eligibility at and before age 65 by referring to this helpful chart and reading more information below.

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