Retirement Tax Calculator By State


Retirement Account And Pension Income

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The way a state handles retirement account and pension income can have a huge impact on the finances of a retiree. Many states do not provide any kind of deduction, exemption or credit on withdrawals from a retirement account such as a 401 or IRA.

How might that affect a typical retiree? Lets say your effective state tax rate in one of these states is 4% and your annual income from your 401 is $30,000. That would add up to taxes of $1,200 on that retirement account income taxes that you wouldnt have to pay in states like Alaska and Mississippi .

Exemptions for pension income are more common. Only a handful of states fully tax income from a government pension, while a few more tax income from a private employer pension. The other states either exempt that income or provide a deduction or credit against it.

Federal Income Tax: W

W-2 employees are workers that get W-2 tax forms from their employers. These forms report the annual salary paid during a specific tax year and the payroll taxes that were withheld.

This means that employers withhold money from employee earnings to pay for taxes. These taxes include Social Security tax, income tax, Medicare tax and other state income taxes that benefit W-2 employees.

Both employers and employees split the Federal Insurance Contribution Act taxes that pay for Social Security and Medicare programs. The FICA rate due every pay period is 15.3% of an employees wages. However, this tax payment is divided in half between the employer and the employee.

What Is The Florida Homestead Exemption

Floridas homestead exemption is available to Florida homeowners and can be applied toward their principal residence. It exempts $25,000 of a homes assessed value from property taxes, with an additional exemption of $25,000 for your home’s assessed value between $50,000 and $75,000 for non-school property taxes.

Depending on your local property tax rate, the homestead exemption could mean hundreds of dollars in tax savings per year. In some Florida counties, senior citizens age 65 and over could qualify for an additional homestead exemption of up to $50,000.

In fact, some counties or municipalities may allow senior citizens with income below a certain level to exempt the entire value of their property from taxes. Contact your local board of county commissioners or municipal government to see if you’re eligible.

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South Dakota Taxes On Retirees

  • Our Ranking: Mixed.
  • State Income Tax Range: None.
  • Average Combined State and Local Sales Tax Rate: 6.4%.
  • Median Property Tax Rate: $1,288 per $100,000 of assessed home value.
  • Estate Tax or Inheritance Tax: None.

The Mount Rushmore State offers both good tax news and bad tax news for retirees. First some good news: South Dakota doesn’t impose an income tax, so Social Security benefits and other forms of retirement income get a free ride.

For some bad news, take a look at the state’s property tax rates, which are on the high side. Property tax relief programs are also limited to low-income residents.

The news is split between good and bad when it comes to sales taxes in South Dakota. On the one hand, rates are below average. However, the sales taxes have a broad reach here and include taxes on both groceries and clothing.

  • State Income Tax Range: None.
  • Average Combined State and Local Sales Tax Rate: 9.547%.
  • Median Property Tax Rate: $685 per $100,000 of assessed home value.
  • Estate Tax or Inheritance Tax: None.

Retirees in the Volunteer State will be singing “Rocky Top” all the way to the bank, thanks to a low overall tax burden in the state. Tennessee has no income tax, though the state used to levy a 1% tax on stock dividends and interest income from bonds and other investments before 2021 .

Property taxes are well below average, too. The state also offers some property tax relief programs for income-qualified senior citizens.

What Was Updated In The Federal W4 In 2020

Retirement Income Tax Calculator Usa

In 2020, the IRS updated the Federal W4 form that eliminated withholding allowances. The redesigned Form W4 makes it easier for your withholding to match your tax liability. Hereâs how to answer the new questions:

  • Step 2: check the box if you have more than one job or you and your spouse both have jobs. This will increase withholding.
  • Step 3: enter an amount for dependents.The old W4 used to ask for the number of dependents. The new W4 asks for a dollar amount. Hereâs how to calculate it: If your total income will be $200k or less multiply the number of children under 17 by $2,000 and other dependents by $500. Add up the total.
  • Step 4a: extra income from outside of your job, such as dividends or interest, that usually dont have withholding taken out of them. By entering it here you will withhold for this extra income so you dont owe tax later when filing your tax return.
  • Step 4b: any additional withholding you want taken out. Any other estimated tax to withhold can be entered here. The more is withheld, the bigger your refund may be and youâll avoid owing penalties.

If your W4 on file is in the old format , toggle Use new Form W-4 to change the questions back to the previous form. Employees are currently not required to update it. However if you do need to update it for any reason, you must now use the new Form W-4.

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What Is The California Homeowners Exemption

Owner-occupied homes in California are eligible to receive the homeowners exemption. It reduces taxable value by $7,000. That saves homeowners at least $70 per year, although for many homeowners the savings will be even greater.

In 2016, the state controller reinstated the Property Tax Postponement Program. This allows homeowners who are seniors, are blind or have a disability to defer their property taxes. This is only available for taxes on a primary residence. You also need to have at least 40% equity in the home and an annual household income of $45,810 or less.

West Virginia Taxes On Retirees

  • Our Ranking: Mixed.
  • State Income Tax Range: 3% 6.5% .
  • Average Combined State and Local Sales Tax Rate: 6.52%.
  • Median Property Tax Rate: $584 per $100,000 of assessed home value.
  • Estate Tax or Inheritance Tax: None.

Starting in 2022, 100% of Social Security benefits taxed by the federal government are excluded from West Virginia taxable income for retirees with income under a certain amount . With regard to other retirement income, there are some exemptions for government pensions and a limited general income deduction for seniors.

Sales taxes are reasonable in West Virginia. They’re pretty close to average when compared to the rest of the country.

Property taxes are notably low. West Virginia’s median property tax rate is the ninth-lowest in the U.S. The state also offers a few property tax breaks for qualifying seniors.

Also Check: Keeping Life Insurance After Retirement

Other Sources Of Retirement Income

Home Equity and Real Estate

For some people in certain scenarios, preexisting mortgages and ownership of real estate can be liquidated for disposable income during retirement through a reverse mortgage. A reverse mortgage is just as it is aptly named â a reversing of a mortgage where at the end , ownership of the house is transferred to whoever bought the reverse mortgage. In other words, retirees are paid to live in their homes until a fixed point in the future, where ownership of the home is finally transferred.


A common way to receive income in retirement is through the use of an annuity, which is a fixed sum of periodic cash flows typically distributed for the rest of an annuitant’s life. There are two types of annuities: immediate and deferred. Immediate annuities are upfront premiums paid which release payments from the principal starting as early as the next month. Deferred annuities are annuities with two phases. The first phase is the accumulation or deferral phase, during which a person contributes money to the account . The second phase is the distribution, or annuitization phase, during which a person will receive periodic payments until death. For more information, it may be worth checking out our Annuity Calculator or Annuity Payout Calculator to determine whether annuities could be a viable option for your retirement.

Passive Income


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Your Retirement Estimate and Payment Options

It came to our attention that, due to a technical issue, some members received an error message when submitting documents in their secure myASRS accounts for a short time between 11/18 11/20. Please know this issue has been resolved. For anyone who experienced issues, we encourage you to log into your account and resubmit your documents.

For retirees enrolling in health insurance, our Open Enrollment Period remains open, with the last day being Wednesday, November 30, 2022.

We apologize for any inconvenience.

  • ASRS recognized for Financial Reporting and Plan Funding & Administration

    The Arizona State Retirement System recently received the Certificate of Achievement for Excellence in Financial Reporting for its 2022 Annual Comprehensive Financial Report.

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    Dont Use This Tool If:

    • You have a pension but not a job. Estimate your tax withholding with the new Form W-4P.
    • You have nonresident alien status. Use Notice 1392, Supplemental Form W-4 Instructions for Nonresident Aliens.
    • Your tax situation is complex. This includes alternative minimum tax, long-term capital gains or qualified dividends. See Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax.

    What Other New York Taxes Should I Be Concerned About

    New York State has its own estate tax, which is collected in addition to the federal estate tax. The exemption for tax year 2021 is $5.93 million, while the 2022 exemption is $6.11 million. Estate tax rates for amounts above these exemptions range from 3.06% to 16%.

    Retirees who plan on supplementing their retirement income with investment income may also have to pay capital gains taxes. Capital gains are considered regular income in New York and taxed at the states income tax rates .

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    Nebraska Taxes On Retirees

    • Our Ranking: Least tax-friendly.
    • State Income Tax Range: 2.46% 6.84% .
    • Average Combined State and Local Sales Tax Rate: 6.94%.
    • Median Property Tax Rate: $1,684 per $100,000 of assessed home value.
    • Estate Tax or Inheritance Tax: Inheritance tax.

    Nebraska is one of the least tax-friendly states in the nation for retirees, primarily because of steep income and property taxes. Until 2025, the Cornhusker State taxes most Social Security benefits received by seniors with income over a threshold amount . In the alternative, you can chose to deduct 40% of Social Security benefits taxed at the federal level . Most other retirement income, including public and private pensions, IRA withdrawals and 401 funds are taxed, too. Plus, the top income tax rate kicks in pretty quickly .

    Nebraska’s median property tax rate is also the ninth-highest in the country. Seniors can get an exemption for up to $40,000 of assessed value, but there are income thresholds for this tax break, too.

    What helps: Moderate sales tax rates. But they’re not enough to offer much of a counter balance to the state’s lofty income and property taxes.

    • State Income Tax Range: None.
    • Average Combined State and Local Sales Tax Rate: 8.23%.
    • Median Property Tax Rate: $572 per $100,000 of assessed home value.
    • Estate Tax or Inheritance Tax: None.

    Property taxes are considerably below the national average. That’s good, as the state offers no property tax breaks for seniors.

    Impact Of Inflation On Retirement Savings

    Pension Tax Calculator By State

    Inflation is the general increase in prices and a fall in the purchasing power of money over time. The average inflation rate in the United States for the past 30 years has been around 2.6% per year, which means that the purchasing power of one dollar now is not only less than one dollar 30 years ago but less than 50 cents! Inflation is one of the reasons why people tend to underestimate how much they need to save for retirement.

    Although inflation does have an impact on retirement savings, it is unpredictable and mostly out of a person’s control. As a result, people generally do not center their retirement planning or investments around inflation and instead focus mainly on achieving as large and steady a total return on investment as possible. For people interested in mitigating inflation, there are investments in the U.S. that are specifically designed to counter inflation called Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities and similar investments in other countries that go by different names. Also, gold and other commodities are traditionally favored as protection against inflation, as are dividend-paying stocks as opposed to short-term bonds.

    Our Retirement Calculator can help by considering inflation in several calculations. Please visit the Inflation Calculator for more information about inflation or to do calculations involving inflation.

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    How Much To Save For Retirement

    Naturally, the next question becomes: how much should a person save for retirement? Simply put, it’s an extremely loaded question with very few definite answers. Similar to the answer to the question of whether to retire or not, it will depend on each person, and factors such as how much income will be needed, entitlement for Social Security retirement benefits, health and life expectancy, personal preferences regarding inheritances, and many other things.

    Below are some general guidelines.

    How High Are Property Taxes In New York

    New York’s overall average effective rate is 1.69%, which implies $1,690 in annual property taxes for every $100,000 in home value. Rates in New York City are far lower than that, averaging 0.88% across the citys five boroughs.

    High home values mean property tax bills can still be quite high, though. For example, the median annual property tax paid by homeowners in Manhattan is more than $8,900.

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    What Is The Maryland Homestead Tax Credit

    The Maryland homestead tax credit is available to all Marylanders who own and occupy their home. It limits annual increases in assessed property value to 10%, meaning the credit is equal to any increase in excess of 10%.

    For example, if your home was previously assessed at $200,000 and is reassessed at $250,000, the credit would be $30,000. The 10% limit would put the highest allowed value at $220,000, so all assessed value above that amount would be negated by the credit.

    Notice To Employers: Salary Lien Provision For Unpaid Income Taxes

    How to Calculate your Income Tax? Step-by-Step Guide for Income Tax Calculation

    The Maryland legislature, in its 2002 session, passed a bill that changed the amount to be exempted from the salary lien provision of the income tax law in order to conform with amounts for other wage liens listed in the Commercial Law Article, Section 15-601-1. What is currently exempted under the Commercial Law Article for wage liens now applies to the income tax law.

    The amount exempt from the wage lien is the greater of:

    • $145 times the number of weeks in which the wages due were earned, or
    • 75% of disposable wages due
    • less medical insurance payments deducted by the employer from the employees wages.

    In Caroline, Kent, Queen Anne’s and Worcester counties, for each work week, the greater of

    • 75% of disposable wages due, or
    • 30 times the federal minimum hourly wage at the time the wages are due.
    • less medical insurance payments deducted by the employer from the employees wages

    Disposable wages are calculated by reducing the gross wage by the deductions required by law. Voluntary deductions such as credit union payments, charitable contributions, IRA, etc. are not included in the definition of disposable wages and should not be deducted before the computation is made.

    The changes became effective July 1, 2002.

    For example, if married with 2 exemptions, the calculation is as follows:

    Gross Wages

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    What Is The New Jersey Homestead Exemption

    The New Jersey homestead rebate is a property tax benefit available to New Jersey homeowners who are at least 65 years old. The rebate is based on your income and the property taxes you have paid in prior years. For example, the rebate paid to seniors in 2019 is based on 2017 gross income and 2006 property taxes. The program was frozen in May 2020 in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and then restored in Oct. 2020. The 2021 property tax credits are based on income and property taxes paid for tax year 2017.

    If your 2017 New Jersey gross income was $100,000 or less, the benefit is equal to 10% of your 2006 property taxes up to a maximum of $10,000. If your 2017 New Jersey gross income was between $100,000 and $150,000, the benefit is equal to 5% of your 2006 property taxes up to $10,000. Homeowners with 2017 gross income above $150,000 are ineligible for this program.

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    Rhode Island Taxes On Retirees

    • Our Ranking: Not tax-friendly.
    • State Income Tax Range: 3.75% 5.99% .
    • Average Combined State and Local Sales Tax Rate: 7%.
    • Median Property Tax Rate: $1,571 per $100,000 of assessed home value.
    • Estate Tax or Inheritance Tax: Estate tax.

    High-earners won’t find the Ocean State amenable for retirement. On the income tax front, seniors pay tax on their Social Security benefits if their federal adjusted gross is too high. Wealthier retirees also miss out on a state income tax exemption for payouts from private or government retirement plans.

    The property tax news isn’t any better. The statewide median property tax rate in Rhode Island is the 10th-highest in the U.S. Homeowners 65 and older who earn $35,000 or less can get a state tax credit, though. Local governments in Rhode Island can also offer a property tax exemption or similar property tax break for senior citizens.

    Retirees will also want to know that sales taxes in the state are average and Rhode Island has an estate tax .

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