Simple Retirement Calculator With Social Security

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Is There A Maximum Benefit

Social Security Retirement Calculator

Yes, there is a limit to how much you can receive in Social Security benefits. The maximum Social Security benefit changes each year. For 2022, itâs $4,194/month for those who retire at age 70 . Multiply that by 12 to get $50,328 in maximum annual benefits. If that’s less than your anticipated annual expenses, youâll need to have additional income from your own savings to supplement it.

Social Security For Retirement

The biggest determinant of retirement benefit amount is lifetime earnings since the benefit is based largely on the average of a person’s 35 highest-earning years. Because the SS tax is regressive, in retirement, lower-income earners will have a higher portion of their SS retirement benefits paid out in relation to their lifetime earnings than higher-income earners. Another important determinant of benefit amount is the age at which a person applies for retirement benefits.

SS is designed to replace about 40% of the average American worker’s pre-retirement income. This value is dependent on each individual’s work history higher-income earners will receive larger SS checks than lower-income earners, but the check will be a smaller percentage of their pre-retirement income. SS is not intended to be a sole source of retirement income, and as such, it is advisable to have other forms of income in retirement. This can take the form of anything from rental property income to annuities, mutual funds, or even tax-shielded retirement plans such as a 401 and/or IRAs.

Full Retirement Age

Retirement Benefits While Working

When to Apply for Social Security Retirement Benefits

  • The immediate need for cash
  • Life expectancy
  • Relative age, income, and health of spouse

Social Security Credits

Receiving Retirement Benefits Outside of the U.S.

How Much Money Do You Need For Retirement

Arriving at an answer to this question may not be immediately obvious because it depends on several variables related to your retirement objectives. Do you envision your retirement lifestyle costing more or less than what you spend now? If you want to increase the amount of domestic or international travel you enjoy during retirement, you will likely need additional money for these adventures. However, if you want to move into a smaller house or condo to simplify your life after you retire, you may not need as much money on an annual basis as you do now.

It can be helpful to imagine what your expected expenses in retirement might be and develop a retirement budget to estimate the level of income you think you’ll need. Remember to include unexpected costs like taking care of elderly parents, special destination weddings, inflation and potential investment losses. After you have a rough estimate of your retirement budget, you can more accurately determine the percentage of income replacement at retirement, one of the assumptions in our Retirement Savings Calculator. Depending on your situation, a scaled-down lifestyle may need only 80% of your current income, whereas opening an antique store as a brand new business venture could bump that up to 150%.

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Schwab Retirement Savings Calculator Review

With the Schwab Retirement Savings Calculator, you input income sources such as Social Security and pensions, as well as asset values, and it projects the likelihood that your plan is sustainable through life expectancy and provides suggestions to make your plan sustainable.

Overall Score: OK, scoring 2 out of 3

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Do You Plan To Continue Working In Your 60s

What You Need to Know About Social Security and Retirement Benefits

Working in your 60s will help you maximize your income and savings.

Your benefits are based on your highest 35 years of earnings. Each year of work can add higher earnings to your record by replacing years with low earnings such as those when you were a student, were unemployed, or took time off to care for someone. When you work and wait to claim until age 70, you can increase your monthly benefit by more than 75 percent! Working in your 60s also gives you more time to save on your own for retirement.Review your earnings record on my SocialSecurity.

Working in your 60s will help you maximize your income and savings.

Your benefits are based on your highest 35 years of earnings. Each year of work can add higher earnings to your record by replacing years with low earnings such as those when you were a student, were unemployed, or took time off to care for someone. When you work and wait to claim until age 70, you can increase your monthly benefit by more than 75 percent! Working in your 60s also gives you more time to save on your own for retirement.Review your earnings record on my SocialSecurity.

You can maximize your benefits even if you work fewer hours or stop working.

You can maximize your benefits even if you work fewer hours or stop working.

Consider working in your 60s for an extra boost to your income and savings.

Consider working extra years in your 60s for an extra boost to your income and savings

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What Is The Difference Between A Simple Retirement Calculator And A Retirement Calculator

Retirement calculator is a general term that refers to everything from simple tools to sophisticated planning platforms that easily rival the plans and information you can gain from a professional financial advisor.

However, the reality is that most retirement calculators you find online are simple, whether they are labeled as such or not.

Life Expectancy And Retirement Income

Nobody knows how long they will live. This is one of the most challenging facts about retirement planning: How many years of retirement income will you need? Save too little and you risk spending your savings and relying solely on Social Security income.

Looking at average life expectancy is a good place to start. The Social Security Administrations life expectancy calculator can provide you with a solid estimate, based on your date of birth and gender. Just remember: Average calculations cant take into account your health and lifestylenow or in retirementor family history that could impact your life expectancy, so youll want to consider them in any calculations you do.

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Work And Social Security Income

There are many different possible sources of income. Most retirement calculators keep it simple and ask for one income number. This is problematic because there are usually varying start and stop ages for different income sources. This calculator asks for work and Social Security income, but explore other retirement income sources below.

Work Income: In a retirement calculator, work income can be used to extrapolate retirement income needs since people generally have similar income needs before and after retirement. And, it can be used to approximate your Social Security benefit.

However, work income can vary with time. Many people go part-time or do consulting after retiring from a long time career. Ideally, you plan for actual income, not one general number.

Social Security: In this simple retirement calculator, your work income is used to determine your Social Security benefit, based on the age when you start benefits.

Social Security For Spouses And Survivors

Best Social Security Retirement Calculator I’ve Seen…Yet (2018)

Spousal benefits are available to current or widowed spouses aged 62 or older. Applications for spousal benefits are not valid until the other spouse files for their own benefits. It is possible for a non-working spouse to be eligible for a spousal benefit based on their working spouse’s benefit. Based on the working spouse’s age of retirement, the spousal benefit can be up to half of the working spouse’s benefit.

A widow or widower can collect a survivor benefit as early as age 60, given that the marriage lasted more than nine months. This requirement is waived if the widow or widower has a child under the age of 16. In the case where both individuals in a married couple are receiving SS benefits, and one dies, the widow or widower can continue receiving their own benefit or their spouse’s, but not both. It is also possible for a widow or widower to switch benefits in retirement. For instance, if the deceased spouse was scheduled to receive larger benefit amounts at age 70, the widow or widower can first file for their own benefits, then claim their former spouse’s benefits later in order to maximize payments.

A person who is divorced, who was married for more than 10 years and has not remarried, can receive benefits based on their ex-spouse’s work history as long as the divorced person meets all of the following conditions:

The ex-spouse’s benefits can also be claimed even if the ex-spouse has not filed for their own benefits, as long as both parties are above age 62.

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Assumptions Required To Estimate How Much Money You Need To Retire

All retirement calculators require the same basic inputs to work their magic your retirement age, life expectancy, inflation, investment return, portfolio size, and expected retirement expenses. These are the required assumptions, and every calculator must have these inputs. No exceptions allowed because the math requires these inputs.

The fundamental problem is many of these required assumptions are tantamount to forecasting the future, which is impossible. Unless you have a crystal ball or can read goat entrails, then the future is unknowable. It cannot be predicted with sufficient reliability to bet your financial future on.

Related:How Your Financial Advisor is Taking 75% of Your Retirement Income Video, PDF download, or Audio.

The industry standard approach for dealing with these unknowable assumptions is to apply historical average estimates. The implication is the past is indicative of the future. For example, the historical average inflation rate in the United States has approximated 3% so most experts recommend using 3% for your future inflation projection.

Similarly, consider the life expectancy assumption. Nobody can know when they are going to die. The whole idea is ridiculous.

Other Sources Of Retirement Income

Home Equity and Real Estate

For some people in certain scenarios, preexisting mortgages and ownership of real estate can be liquidated for disposable income during retirement through a reverse mortgage. A reverse mortgage is just as it is aptly named â a reversing of a mortgage where at the end , ownership of the house is transferred to whoever bought the reverse mortgage. In other words, retirees are paid to live in their homes until a fixed point in the future, where ownership of the home is finally transferred.

Annuities

A common way to receive income in retirement is through the use of an annuity, which is a fixed sum of periodic cash flows typically distributed for the rest of an annuitant’s life. There are two types of annuities: immediate and deferred. Immediate annuities are upfront premiums paid which release payments from the principal starting as early as the next month. Deferred annuities are annuities with two phases. The first phase is the accumulation or deferral phase, during which a person contributes money to the account . The second phase is the distribution, or annuitization phase, during which a person will receive periodic payments until death. For more information, it may be worth checking out our Annuity Calculator or Annuity Payout Calculator to determine whether annuities could be a viable option for your retirement.

Passive Income

Inheritance

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Income And Percent Of Income To Save

Deciding what percentage of your annual income to save for retirement is one of the big decisions you need to make when planning. If youre just starting out on your retirement planning journey, saving any amount is a great way to begin. Just keep in mind that youll need to keep increasing your contributions as you grow older.

So how much is enough? Financial services giant Fidelity suggests you should be saving at least 15% of your pre-tax salary for retirement. Many financial advisors recommend a similar rate for retirement planning purposes.

But even then, the 15% rule of thumb assumes that you begin saving early. It also assumes youd be comfortable replacing 55% to 80% of your pre-retirement income. If you start later or expect youll need to replace more than those percentages, you may want to contribute a greater percentage of your income.

Add From $250 To $500 Per Month

Retirement Calculator

Need to find a little more? Up to $500 extra per month? Combine the methods above, and consider adding some of these:

  • Switch to a less expensive insurance provider
  • Pay down debt to free up that monthly payment
  • Save up ahead for vacations and holidays to avoid credit card interest
  • Cancel any subscriptions youre willing to give up

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Who Is Eligible For Social Security Benefits

Anyone who pays into Social Security for at least 40 calendar quarters is eligible for retirement benefits based on their earnings record. You are eligible for your full benefits once you reach full retirement age, which is either 66 and 67, depending on when you were born. But if you claim later than that – you can put it off as late as age 70 – youâll get a credit for doing so, with larger monthly benefits. Conversely, you can claim as early as age 62, but taking benefits before your full retirement age will result in the Social Security Administration docking your monthly benefits.

The bottom line: Youâre eligible for Social Security Benefits if youâve paid into the system for at least a decade, but your actual benefits will depend on what age â between 62 and 70 â you begin to claim them.

Calculate Your Retirement Savings And More

Do you know what it takes to work towards a secure retirement? Use this retirement calculator to create your retirement plan. View your retirement savings balance and calculate your withdrawals for each year. Social security is calculated on a sliding scale based on your income. Including a non-working spouse in your plan increases your social security benefits up to, but not over, the maximum.

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Are You A Fan Of Fire Try The Firecalc

Want to retire early like our reader Michelle wants to retire by age 40 in her case study?

If so, FIRECalc is a tool for you!

Also managed out of the U.S., FIRECalc can tell you how much you would have needed to ensure that you wouldnt have depleted your portfolio too soon in retirement if things went terribly south in the stock market. Like in 1929 or even more recently in 2009 .

FIRECalc will show you in a very visual way, just how safe your retirement portfolio value might be based on every single U.S. market condition since 1871.

If you leave FIRECalc settings alone, the calculator assumes youve invested in a couch potato portfolio of 75% U.S. stock index and 25% U.S. bond funds, with a 0.18% fee/MER charge. Inflation is assumed at 3%.

What we like

  • Very simple since you can estimate how safe your retirement might be .
  • Provides a graphical representation via Monte Carlo simulation.
  • Neat to look at some 120 possible 30-year periods in the available data.

What needs work

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When Should I Start Collecting Social Security

Best Social Security Retirement Calculator I’ve Seen Yet (2018)

Ultimately, the decision of when to begin collecting Social Security is one you have to make. It depends on your age, your health status, how much you spend and how much you have saved. Its generally best to start collecting as late as you can, because you get a larger monthly payment, which is adjusted for inflation each year.

Consider a retiree who was born in 1950 and averaged $50,000 a year in salary. If she has $3,000 a month in expenses, her Social Security check would cover 48 percent of her expenses if she started Social Security at age 62. If she waited till age 70, her check would cover 85 percent of her expenses. Every year she delays retirement, her Social Security payout which is adjusted annually for inflation rises by about $1,649.

Traditionally, the retirement system in the U.S. has been a three-legged stool: Social Security, savings and pensions. Social Security was never intended to be the sole source of income for retirement. Increasingly, however, employers have been moving away from their employer-sponsored pension plans in favor of tax-deferred retirement savings accounts, such as 401 plans.

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Social Security For The Disabled

People who are disabled, are dependents of retired or disabled workers, or are surviving spouses/children may also receive benefits. Note that this is supplementary information and that the Social Security Calculator only provides calculations for retirement benefits.

The SSA’s definition of disability refers to total disability, so partial or short-term disabilities are not qualified for benefits. Under the SSA’s rules, a person is disabled only if they meet all of the following conditions:

  • They cannot do work they did before
  • The SSA decides that they cannot adjust to other work because of their medical condition
  • The disability has lasted or is expected to last at least one year or to result in death

Benefits usually continue until beneficiaries are able to work again. Disability beneficiaries that reach full retirement age will have their benefits converted into retirement benefits, with the amount remaining the same. It is against the law to receive both disability and retirement benefits at the same time.

Social Security Disability Insurance

Supplemental Security Income

In some situations, it is possible to receive both SSDI and SSI. This usually happens when a qualified application for SSDI is granted low enough an SSDI benefit to make the applicant also eligible for SSI.

Can I Use The Calculator To Figure Out Social Security Disability Insurance And Supplemental Security Income

No. SSDI is aimed at people who cant work because they have a medical condition expected to last a year or more or result in death. Your SSDI benefits last only as long as you suffer from a significant medical impairment while not earning significant other income.

SSI is a separate program for people with little or no income or assets who are 65 or older, as well as for those of any age, including children, who are blind or who have disabilities. The maximum monthly SSI payment for 2021 is $794 for a single person and $1,191 for a couple. But some states add to that payment, and you may receive less than the maximum if you or your family has other income. Get more information about SSDI and SSI from the Social Security Administration.

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