What Of My Income Should I Save For Retirement


A General Rule Of Thumb For Yearly Saving

What Percentage Of My Income Should I Save For Retirement?

While the exact percentage of income to save may vary based on your goals, saving 10 to 15% of your pre-tax salary each year is a good baseline. Its a percentage we use as a general rule of thumb, Klein says, because while you might not necessarily notice the difference each paycheck, its enough to make a difference come retirement.

To calculate the 10 to 15%, remember to use your pre-tax salary figure and then follow the tips below to help you get there.

Invest 15% Of Your Income Into Tax

Now its time to put your plan into motion! Once youre debt-free with a fully funded emergency fund , youre ready to start investing 15% of your gross income for retirement.

Heres how you get started with your retirement savings:

  • Get the 401 match. If your employer offers a traditional 401 with a match on your contributions, make sure you invest at least up to the match to take full advantage of that free money. Does your company offer a Roth 401? Perfect! As long as youve got good mutual fund options, you can invest your whole 15% there.
  • Open up a Roth IRA. If youre using a traditional 401 and youve invested up to the match, work with a financial advisor to open a Roth IRA. Its a retirement savings account that lets you pay taxes on the money you put into it up front. That means the growth in your Roth IRA and any withdrawals you make after age 59½ are tax-free.Thats a win-win!For 2019, you can put a maximum amount of $6,000 into an IRA .3
  • Go back to your 401. If you maxed out your contributions to your Roth IRA for the year and still havent hit 15%, then bump up your 401 contributions until you do.

Inside your 401 and IRA, your investments should be spread evenly between four types of growth stock mutual funds: growth and income, growth, aggressive growth and international. Look for funds that have a good track record over a long period of time.

Consider Common Rules Of Thumb

According to the 2021 Employee Benefit Research Institutes retirement confidence survey, 7 in 10 workers are confident they will have enough money to live comfortably in retirement, but 1 in 3 workers say the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted their ability to save for retirement. If you need to adjust your retirement plan because of a job loss or other financial burden, it may be a good idea to keep some financial rules of thumb in mind.

If youre saving 15% of your income now, you could easily live on 85% of your income in retirement without adjusting expenses.

The one used most often is the 80% rule, which says you should aim to replace 80% of your preretirement income. This is a loose rule: Some people suggest skewing toward 70% some think its better to aim for a more conservative 90%.

To figure out where you land, consider what percentage of your income youre saving for retirement. Youll no longer have to do that once you cross the hypothetical finish line, which means if youre saving 15% now, you could easily live on 85% of your income without adjusting expenses. Add in Social Security, cut payroll taxes which eat 7.65% of your income while youre working and you can probably adjust that income down even further.

» Learn more: Everything you need to know about how to save for retirement

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How Much Should You Save For Your Retirement

Wondering how much to save for your retirement? There are many elements that factor into the calculation: your lifestyle, your future projects, your age, your investments, etc. Preparation is the first step towards a retirement thatâs right for you, so hereâs some advice to help you come up with the right formula.

How Much Should I Save For Retirement Follow Fidelitys Easy 50/15/5 Rule Of Thumb

Should I Save For Retirement Or Pay Off My Student Loans?

Considering where to begin when it comes to saving for retirement can seem like such a daunting task.

Creating a simple-to-follow budget can help you get started down the right path. Fidelity, Purdues official provider of education, guidance and assistance related to retirement plan investments and decisions, suggests individuals try the 50/15/5 rule of thumb as a starting point when saving for retirement. The financial wellness pillar of the Healthy Boiler Program works to provide financial education and guidance programs that help ensure long-term financial well-being, such as the 50/15/5 rule of thumb.

But what does that mean exactly? The key takeaways to this simple plan are as follows:

  • 50 – Consider allocating no more than 50 percent of take-home pay to essential expenses.
  • 15 – Try to save 15 percent of pretax income for retirement.
  • 5 – Save for the unexpected by keeping 5 percent of take-home pay in short-term savings for unplanned expenses.

See the Fidelity article 50/15/5: a saving and spending rule of thumb for more tips to consider and how to get started with the 50/15/5 plan. Dont forget to check out the easy to use Budget Checkup tool at the bottom of the article to answer a few quick questions and to see if youre on track.

While building a budget you can keep up with is key, many other important retirement planning questions may also lurk in the back of your mind. Such as:

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How To Save For Retirement In Your 50s

By the time you reach your 50s, youre heading for the home stretch. That doesnt mean, however, that youre done working or saving. This is the right time to pay off your mortgage and ensure your overall debt is at a minimum. Stay the course with your savings and speak to a financial advisor about gradually adjusting your investment strategy as you near retirement.

Emergency fund: Keep your emergency fund topped up, especially if unexpected expenses have come along.

Additional savings: Invest additional savings once you max out your contributions to individual and employer-sponsored retirement plans.

Educational savings: Once the kids head off to college, tap these funds to pay for college. Funnel the amount you were saving for college expenses into your retirement and taxable brokerage accounts.

Retirement savings: Review your contribution percentage annually. Once you turn 50, youre eligible for an increased annual contribution limits in tax-advantaged retirement accounts. If youre behind on your goals, take advantage of these increased thresholds. By the time you turn 55, aim to have seven times your current annual salary in retirement savings across all of your savings and retirement accounts. By the time you turn 60, you should have eight times your annual salary in retirement savings.

Catch-up tip: If you need some extra cash to sock away, you explore seasonal employment around the holidays to up your annual retirement savings rate.

Limit Cost Of Your House And Cars

Most people calculate out their mortgage payment when they opt for a bigger, nicer house, but they forget that they also have to pay more in taxes, utilities, repairs, landscaping, furnishings, and upgrades on that bigger, nicer house. Because your house is a big ticket item, saving 25% on that will free up much more cash flow than eating out 25% less. To make it worse, most of these expenses are fixed expenses.

Likewise with cars, a great deal of money is lost buying and financing these depreciating assets. The older you buy a car, the less you will pay in financing costs, depreciation, insurance, and sometimes even repairs because you may be less likely to repair unimportant features of an old car, such as dings in the bumper or a power mirror that works poorly. The savings in repairs and gas of a new car do not come anywhere close to overcoming these costs.

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But How Much Is Enough

Our guideline: Aim to save at least 15% of your pre-tax income1 each year, which includes any employer match. That’s assuming you save for retirement from age 25 to age 67. Together with other steps, that should help ensure you have enough income to maintain your current lifestyle in retirement.

How did we come up with 15%? First, we had to understand how much people generally spend in retirement. After analyzing enormous amounts of national spending data, we concluded that most people will need somewhere between 55% and 80% of their preretirement income to maintain their lifestyle in retirement.1

Not all of that money will need to come from your savings, however. Some will likely come from Social Security. So, we did the math and found that most people will need to generate about 45% of their retirement income from savings. And saving 15% each year, from age 25 to age 67, should get you there. If you are lucky enough to have a pension, your target savings rate may be lower.

Here’s a hypothetical example. Consider Joanna, age 25, who earns $54,000 a year. We assume her income grows 1.5% a year to about $100,000 by the time she is 67 and ready to retire. To maintain her preretirement lifestyle throughout retirement, we estimate that about $45,000 each year , or 45% of her $100,000 preretirement income, needs to come from her savings.

Why You Need Returns

Should I Pay Down My Mortgage Or Save For Retirement?

For example, if you had cash sitting in an IRA and earning almost nothing, you could take out $4,000 in year one , $3,840 in year two and so on. If youre not earning much on your assets, your withdrawal declines over time. You eat into your principal quickly and take it down every year, hurting how much you can withdraw in future years.

Now, if you were earning 4 percent on your money, you can rest a bit easier since your account balance wont be heading to zero so quickly. You could take out $4,000 in year one, then earn 4 percent on your investments. At the start of year two, you have a 4 percent return on your remaining principal for a total principal of $99,840, or $96,000 plus $3,840. So in year two, you can withdraw another 4 percent, or $3,993.60.

Now imagine you could earn a 6 percent return on your assets, while withdrawing only 4 percent. With the same $100,000 principal, youd take out $4,000 in year one as usual. Then youd have $96,000 and earn 6 percent, giving you $101,760. In year two, you could withdraw $4,070 and then $4,142 in year three and so on. You can actually grow your payout over time.

Once you earn a return higher than your withdrawal rate, you may actually grow your retirement account. The key ratio to keep an eye on is your investment return relative to your withdrawal rate. The secret is to reduce your withdrawal rate or increase your investment return.

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Dont Get Too Conservative

At 40, youre still a long way from retirement, so dont play it too safe with your investments, says Ellen Rinaldi, former executive director of investment planning and research at mutual fund company Vanguard.

Rinaldi recommends scaling back stocks to 80 percent of your portfolio and putting the balance in conservative holdings like bonds.

Maintain a broad view of all of your holdings as you reallocate assets. Its not just enough to focus on the 401. Take all of your investments into account. Dont forget retirement accounts or benefits from previous jobs either. You can roll over an old 401 into an IRA or your current employers 401, and you can invest any way you want.

It happens all the time people leave money in a 401 and forget about it, says J. Michael Scarborough, CEO of Retirement Management Systems. They take more time on their vacation than they do on retirement planning.

Saving For Retirement: Where Are You Now

Whether you plan to live lavishly or frugally, youll need to have a certain amount of money saved by the time you retire. Think of this figure as a mountain summit, reachable by several different paths. If youve done everything right so far, that summit is still in plain view youve followed the most direct and least difficult path, and all you need to do is continue on in the same direction. If, however, your savings arent where they should be, its as if youve wandered in the wrong directionyoull need to recalibrate and start climbing in order to reach the summit.

To determine your current financial coordinates, you need to answer three questions:

  • How much have I saved thus far?
  • How many years until I retire?
  • Whats my annual income ?

The answers to those questions will determine how much work you have to do to reach that mountaintop. If youve saved plenty and youre still young, greatyoure well on your way. If youve saved nothing and your sixties are just around the corner, not so much. Lets check out some examples using our retirement calculator to see how this works in reality.

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Safe Savings Rate What Percentage Of My Income Should I Save For Retirement

A safe withdrawal rate is the percentage which you can withdraw from your portfolio each year in retirement, adjusted for inflation, at which you shouldn’t run out of money before dying. But how much of your income do you need to save for retirement?

Wade Pfau, a finance professor, published a paper this year in which he discussed the concept of a safe savings rate.

Watch Out For The Latte Factor

How Much Money Do I Need to Retire?

Even small costs can add up over time, especially when considered in light of decades of compounding. The classic example is the $5 latte. If you save that $5 a day and earn 8%/year on it, it will be equal to $482K in 40 years. Consciously decide what you want to spend your money on, and spend it on that which brings you the most happiness, and save the rest.

Calculate your savings rate each year- Studies show that we consciously and subconsciously strive to improve in those aspects which we measure.

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Take Advantage Of Catch

Turning 50 years old has some advantages, including being able to contribute more to your retirement account with catch-up contributions. In 2021, individuals aged 50 or older can save up to $26,000 in a 401 and up to $7,000 in an IRA. Take advantage of these opportunities as soon as youre able.

Its not hopeless, says Dee Lee, certified financial planner professional and author of Women & Money while discussing those who have yet to get serious about their retirement savings.

Lee describes a couple who determines that they need to do some belt-tightening. If each contributes $10,000 a year to a 401 plan, theyll have about $90,000 each after seven years, assuming the money grows by 7 percent a year, or a total of $180,000 between them.

But thats a big assumption. Your portfolio would probably have to be allocated heavily toward stocks and have risen when you need them to. Historically, stocks have earned about 10 percent a year, while bonds have clipped along at about 3 percent over the last decade. If youre unwilling to invest in stocks, you may well wind up short of your goals.

Those in their 50s, nevertheless, are generally too young to play it too safely.

This is not the time when you go to cash, Rinaldi says. You may stay 50-50 in stocks and bonds. But youre going to need growth in your portfolio.

How To Maximize Savings On A Budget

Even with limited resources, you have ways to maximize your savings so you dont find yourself underwater later on. Here are some of the most useful methods:

  • Set up automatic contributions. If you dont ever see the money going into your savings, you wont have the opportunity to miss it. Whether your employer offers direct deposit to multiple accounts or you set your own account to automatically transfer funds into dedicated savings, automatic contributions can be an easy and painless way to integrate savings into your budget.
  • Cut down on expenses. Cut back and then you can deposit those extra dollars into your savings account until you begin to hit your goals.
  • Focus on the big expense. Forget the scrimping on the occasional coffee: the best place to find savings are your biggest expenses: housing, cars, dining out, travel or whatever you spend big money on.
  • Find a side gig. If you dont see any cost-cutting options, you could instead look into a side hustle. Whether you decide on freelance work, a part-time job or passive income, a few extra hours each week can result in a healthy deposit directly into your savings.

Its important to integrate saving into your budget now. Americans biggest financial regret is not saving for retirement sooner, according to a Bankrate survey. You want to get your money working for you compounding your gains as soon as possible.

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My Safe Savings Rate Recommendation

This is the basis for my usual recommendation to save 15-20% of your income. 10% probably isn’t enough. 25-30% is for those who want to retire early. If you want to retire really early , you’d better be pretty darn thrifty both before and after retirement. Even with only living off 50% of your salary and investing aggressively, you’ll still need to save over 1/3 of your income during your working years.

What Is A Realistic Retirement Income

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As mentioned above, the amount of money youll need to retire depends on your individual circumstances. What works for some people might not be enough for others.

During retirement, your earnings will likely come from a combination of social security payments and withdrawals made from employer-sponsored retirement plans and IRA accounts. The more youre able to contribute to those accounts during your working years, the more youll have to rely on during retirement. The amount youll need will vary, but experts generally recommend being able to replace about 80 percent of your salary during retirement.

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