Things To Keep In Mind When Getting Started
This is your current budget, which takes into account all of your present-day income and expenses. While you should have some idea as to what you’ll need to save per month based on your retirement goals, you also need to make sure that you have that money to save. It’s a good idea to put retirement savings as a line item in your budget, just like food and shelter costs, so that you can set aside those funds every month.
This is a tool you can set up between your checking account and your retirement account so you don’t forget to save. Set it up so that on the same day every month maybe it’s the day you get paid funds you’re earmarking for the future go from your bank account into your investments. By doing it this way, there’s no risk of you spending that money.
Having a separate emergency account usually with about three to six months of salary saved up will allow you to cover any unexpected costs without throwing your retirement plans out of whack.
One goal for everyone should be to reach 65 debt-free. That includes credit card debt and especially the high-interest reward card kind car and mortgage loans, any student and other big loans. The reason is simple: you don’t want to be going into your non-earning years owing money.
What Are The Best Retirement Plans For You
If you have a 401 or other workplace retirement plan: First you may want to contribute enough to get any free money offered by your employer via the company match. For more on the pros and cons of these plans, jump to our section on employer-sponsored retirement plans, including 401s, 403s, 457s, defined benefit plans and TSPs.
If youve maxed out your 401 or you dont have a retirement plan at work: Consider an IRA. Jump to our section on the pros and cons of four types of IRAs, including traditional and Roth IRAs. If you already know you want an IRA, check out our round-up of the best IRA providers.
We’ll walk you through the various types of retirement plans below. Bear in mind, these are the retirement plans or accounts available to you depending on your situation. For more information on which investments to choose inside your retirement account, connect to our guide on retirement investments here.
Determine Your Asset Allocation
Asset allocation is the way you divide your money among groups of similar investments or “asset classes.” The three main asset classes are stocksTooltipStocks represent ownership in a company. They can provide both price appreciation and dividend income. Stocks are considered relatively risky, because the stock price may also decrease and there’s no guarantee you’ll be paid dividends. Stocks also tend to be more volatile than bonds. , bondsTooltip A bond represents a loan you make to a government, municipality or corporation . In return, that issuer promises to pay you a specified rate of interest and to repay the face value after a certain period of time, barring default. They can provide income and help balance the risks of stocks. As with any investment, bonds have risks such as default risk and reinvestment risk. and cash investmentsTooltip Cash and cash investments include bank deposits , money market funds and short-term investments . These can provide flexibility and stability. Shorter-term investments tend to have lower returns than longer-term investments. . In general, if you’re a conservative investor looking for income and stability, you may want to hold more bonds than stocks. But if you’re a long-term investor looking for high-growth potential and less concerned about immediate income, you may want to invest more aggressively by holding more stocks. See our model portfolios for sample asset allocation plans.
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Rank On Fa 100 List: 97
“The run-up in energy prices in 2021 has been extraordinary,”Bailard‘s Leve said. “This has been a combination of Covid- and post-Covid-related excess demand, strong discipline from OPEC+ and lingering disruptions from Hurricane Ida.
“With normalizing demand in 2022 and increased oil and gas production, earnings for the sector may come under pressure in 2022,” he added. “Our bias would be to sell this year’s rally.”
On the flipside, Leve said, “luxury goods performed well during the pandemic, and we expect them to do so again next year.”
“Chinese consumers are critical for European consumer goods makers and one-half of Chinese buying happens when they travel,” he added. “Once China again allows outbound travel, we expect this pent-up spending to provide a tailwind for these companies.”
Your Social Security Benefits
It’s possible to start collecting Social Security benefits before you retire or retire first and collect Social Security benefits later. If you’re retired but not yet collecting Social Security, you’ll need to decide when you want your benefits to begin.
While you can start collecting as early as age 62, if you do, your monthly benefits will be permanently reduced. Conversely, if you delay collecting, your monthly benefits will be increased. At age 70, however, your benefits max out, so there’s no further incentive to delay and you might as well sign up.
When you should activate Social Security largely depends on how much you need the money. If you can get along fine without payments until age 70, and expect to still have many years of life ahead of you, you might want to wait. If you need them sooner than that, you might plan to collect some time between age 62 and 70. If you can, try to wait until you reach full or “normal” retirement age, as Social Security defines it. Another issue: whether you have a spouse who will be collecting spousal Social Security benefits based on your earnings record. Your spouse can’t collect until you do and it pays for them to wait until their full retirement age to be paid the full 50% of your full retirement age benefit.
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Understand Your Time Horizon
Your current age and expected retirement age create the initial groundwork of an effective retirement strategy. The longer the time from today to retirement, the higher the level of risk that your portfolio can withstand. If youre young and have 30-plus years until retirement, you should have the majority of your assets in riskier investments, such as stocks. There will be volatility, but stocks have historically outperformed other securities, such as bonds, over long time periods. The main word here is long, meaning at least more than 10 years.
Additionally, you need returns that outpace inflation so you can maintain your purchasing power during retirement. Inflation is like an acorn. It starts out small, but given enough time, can turn into a mighty oak tree, says Chris Hammond, a Savannah, Tenn., financial advisor and founder of RetirementPlanningMadeEasy.com.
Weve all heardand wantcompound growth on our money, Hammond adds. Well, inflation is like compound anti-growth, as it erodes the value of your money. A seemingly small inflation rate of 3% will erode the value of your savings by 50% over approximately 24 years. Doesnt seem like much each year, but given enough time, it has a huge impact.
You might not think that saving a few bucks here and there in your 20s means much, but the power of compounding will make it worth much more by the time you need it.
How To Invest Your Money After Retirement
As you prepare your retirement savings portfolio, the first thing you should do is set aside money for emergency purposes . The emergency fund gives you a cushion in the event of illness, natural disaster or any other unforeseen expense, and it provides a backup in the event of another economic crisis. Just make sure you can easily access your emergency money if the need ever arises. Once you’ve got that taken care of, you can explore relevant investment opportunities.
Retirement is not the time to put most of your money into high-risk investments. You want to ensure that you have a secure financial base to last the remainder of your life, which could realistically be several decades. Whatever money you put into a high-risk investment could be lost, so you need to balance things out with low-risk financial opportunities .
Treasury bonds are one of the safer options. They have a fixed rate of interest, which means you’re guaranteed at least that much growth over the life of the bond it won’t earn you as much money as a good stock market gamble, but it will certainly earn more than a bad one. CDs are also a possibility, although you’ll usually be penalized if you need to withdraw money early. If you have an IRA , you can keep our funds there and withdraw without penalty once you reach age 59 1/2 .
Check out the next page for more money management and investment information.
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What Are The Benefits Of A Retirement Portfolio
- A retirement portfolio can create a more stable basis for your future. The returns from your retirement portfolio will supplement your Social Security benefits, and can possibly prevent you from having to live on a fixed income.
- Because a retirement portfolio is diversified, it can protect you from market volatility by balancing different income classes. If one asset class drops in value, others can pick up the slack.
Determine Retirement Spending Needs
Having realistic expectations about post-retirement spending habits will help you define the required size of a retirement portfolio. Most people believe that after retirement, their annual spending will amount to only 70% to 80% of what they spent previously. Such an assumption is often proven unrealistic, especially if the mortgage has not been paid off or if unforeseen medical expenses occur. Retirees also sometimes spend their first years splurging on travel or other bucket-list goals.
In order for retirees to have enough savings for retirement, I believe that the ratio should be closer to 100%, says David G. Niggel, CFP, ChFC, AIF, founder, president, and CEO of Key Wealth Partners LLC in Litilz, Pa. The cost of living is increasing every yearespecially healthcare expenses. People are living longer and want to thrive in retirement. Retirees need more income for a longer time, so they will need to save and invest accordingly.
As, by definition, retirees are no longer at work for eight or more hours a day, they have more time to travel, go sightseeing, shop, and engage in other expensive activities. Accurate retirement spending goals help in the planning process as more spending in the future requires additional savings today.
Your longevity also needs to be considered when planning for retirement, so you dont outlast your savings. The average life span of individuals is increasing.
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Managing Your Investments In Retirement
Aside from any decisions you may need to make about drawing on your investments for income, you’ll also want to keep an eye on how your money is invested and perhaps make some changes along the way.
Retirees often transition to more conservative, less risky asset allocations as they get older, putting more emphasis on preserving their wealth than growing it. One common rule of thumb, for example, suggests that people subtract their age from 110 to determine the percentage of their money to keep in stocks. Following that guideline, a 65-year old retiree might aim for an asset allocation that’s 45% stocks and 55% bonds, the latter being considered less risky. By age 75, the retiree might switch to 35% stocks and 65% bonds, and so forth.
There are also mutual funds and other investments that will do this for you. Target-date funds, for example, base their allocations on the year you plan to retire, gradually ratcheting down the risk as you get older.
If you’re adjusting your asset allocation on your own, make sure to consider the tax consequences. You can move money from one investment to another within an IRA or other qualified retirement account without triggering any tax liability. Switching investments outside of a retirement account, however, will subject you to capital gains tax.
Many of us have little idea of where all our money goesor the expenses we could easily cut back on if we need to.
What To Consider Before Investing And Why Long Term Investing Is Key
As you begin your investing journey, consider first where youd like to hold your investments. That could be a taxable brokerage account, an employers 401, or a tax-advantaged IRA. If you want to invest in real estate, decide if physical properties or REITs match your investment style.
Then, assess your risk tolerance and how long you want to invest. Keep in mind that, due to compound interest, investing long-term is the most assured way to grow your money.
Its perfectly fine to invest entirely in low-cost, diversified index funds. Adequately diversified investments with a long track record of growth is the key to building wealth, says Stohmeier. That way, youre also able to withstand market dips while giving your cash the best chance to grow.
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Timing Is Crucial Start Early
The earlier you start investing for retirement, the more money you will have when it’s time to withdraw the funds. Time is one of the biggest allies you have in saving for retirement. Use the miracle of compound growth in your retirement savings.
The money you invest when you’re 20 years old is money you ideally won’t be using for another 40 years. During that time, it grows in the market. Historically the stock market has returned an average of 10% a year. That includes the ups and downs of times like the Great Recession. The earlier you can invest, the more time it has to weather the downs and to grow during the ups. Don’t try to time the market instead, opt for the time in the market.
Other Types Of Investment Strategies
As an investor, you may decide to add other types of investments to your portfolio. Types of securities you can add might be higher risk, but can compliment your index funds. Whatever other securities you decide to add, make sure you align them with your investment goals and do some research before to make sure you know what youre investing in.
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How To Invest $1000
When considering how to invest $1,000, focus on building a foundation for investing success. First, make sure your short-term needs are covered. Create an emergency fund that covers three to six months of living expenses, just in case. Place it in an easy-to-access account, like an interest-bearing checking or savings account, or a money market savings account. For slightly higher potential growth, you can consider a money market fund. They’re considered a relatively low-risk investment, but can lose value.
What Is The Retirement Income Gap
Your retirement savings may not provide the income youre hoping for. BlackRock can help you take the simple steps in closing the gap and getting you to the retirement income you really want.
- View Transcript
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What Is A Growth Portfolio
A growth portfolio aims to increase the value of your retirement savings. It generally favors stocks, which though potentially volatile have historically delivered higher returns than bonds over long periods of time.
How to build a growth portfolio
If youre looking to build a growth portfolio, consider the following strategies:
Develop A Retirement Investment Strategy For Yourself
Before you start investing, determine how much you will need to retire comfortably and set a goal. Having a set goal in mind helps you make sure you are on track. And it enables you to determine which investments to make.
Take some time to figure out the big picture vision of retirement for yourself. You don’t need to predict every detail of the future, but knowing what you want will help you devise a strategy.
- Where you want to live, taxes, and the cost of living
- How often, if at all, you’ll travel
- If you will have kids and will help them with things like funding their college studies or buying a house
- If you will bring in any money in retirement
- Your housing: Will you downsize or upgrade? Will you split the time between states?
- At what age you will retire and how long you think you’ll be retired
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What Investments Accounts Should You Use
Setting aside a certain amount of money every month is, of course, the most critical part of retirement savings. But you won’t reach your goal without putting that money into the market. One reason to invest is because you want to take advantage of the power of compounding, which is when gains grow on top of other gains. For instance, if you invest $100 in one year and it goes to $110 the next, your next year’s gains will be on top of the $110, not the original amount you put in. Over time, that compound growth can really boost returns. No matter what account you use, your investments will compound year after year.
How much you can save and what tax you may have to eventually pay, though, does change depending on the account.